European Commission

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Related to EU Commission: European Union, EU Parliament, EU Council

European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Industry associations there have criticised the EU Commission for its lack of regulation that has resulted in overproduction.
uk/budget2013/) budget on 20 March that the tax relief had been delayed as the government was still awaiting final approval of the cultural test from the EU Commission.
However, GTR was then blocked by the EU Commission as it announced a formal investigation into the proposal in April 2013, citing concerns including video games not being culturally equal to film, and thus not deserving of the same or similar tax breaks, in addition to the potential for the programme to distort the EU's internal market.
If the parties fail to strike a deal within the time limit, the EU Commission will have to come up with a fresh draft before the end of 2012.
The EU Commission is shortly due to issue a strategic report on the feasibility of an SME CRA network.
TROUBLE is brewing for immigration services, as the EU Commission will ask for clarifications in connection with possible violations of EU law when it comes to recognising marriages of European citizens to third country nationals.
Hence, the EU Commission was right in launching a debate about the Stability and Growth Pact, which has been violated by an increasing number of EMU member countries.
A scathing report on the conduct of the EU commission forced him to resign along with the entire team in March, although he was not implicated by the document.
The positive opinion of the COMP has now been forwarded to the EU commission for final approval and publication in the community register.
Taurus Energy in Sweden declared that it has associated with France-based CIMV, and submitted to the EU Commission a proposal for the construction and operation of a larger demonstration plant for the production of ethanol from biomass.
ISTANBUL, Apr 28, 2009 (TUR) -- An EU Commission official said on Tuesday that Customs Union was beneficial both for Turkey and the EU.
authorities to soften the blow of Sarbanes-Oxley conflicts with European regulation, he also was pushing the EU Commission Action Plan of May 23, 2003, to modernize company law and enhance corporate governance.