European Commission

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European Commission

(EC), institution of the European UnionEuropean Union
(EU), name given since the ratification (Nov., 1993) of the Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, to the European Community (EC), an economic and political confederation of European nations, and other organizations (with the same member nations)
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 (EU) invested with executive powers; it also is the main EU institution that initiates legislation. Located in Brussels, Belgium, it was founded in 1967 when the three treaty organizations comprising what was then the European Community were officially merged; previously, each organization was governed by a separate commission. The commission is composed of 27 members—one from each EU nation, but under the Lisbon Treaty (ratified 2009) its membership will be reduced beginning in 2014. Members are appointed by European Council and serve four-year terms; the commission membership must be approved by the European ParliamentEuropean Parliament,
an institution of the governing body of the European Union (EU). It convenes on a monthly basis in Strasbourg, France; most meetings of the separate parliamentary committees are held in Brussels, Belgium, and its Secretariat is located in Luxembourg.
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. One member serves as president and six serve as vice presidents. A large administrative staff, numbering some 25,000, is divided among many committees and administrative agencies. The commission implements the provisions of the EU's governing treaties and carries out legislation enacted by the Council of the European UnionCouncil of the European Union,
institution of the European Union (EU) that has the final vote on legislation proposed by the European Commission and approved by the European Parliament; in some cases the council, unlike the parliament, may initiate new laws.
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 and the European Parliament.

In keeping with the objective of the founding treaties, the commission initiates EU policy on the economy in particular but, increasingly, also on environmental and foreign and security affairs. The legislation it proposes is subject to amendment and approval by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. It was under the presidency of Jacques DelorsDelors, Jacques
(Jacques Lucien Jean Delors) 1925–, French economist and politician and European statesman, president (1985–95) of the European Commission. Beginning in the 1940s, he held a series of posts in French banking and state planning, eventually becoming
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 (1985–95) that the commission put forward the Single European Act (1987) and the Treaty of European Union (1992; also known as the Maastricht Treaty), both of which provided for a significant expansion of the EU's powers. In 1995, Jacques SanterSanter, Jacques
(Jean Jacques Santer) , 1937–, Luxembourg political leader and European statesman. A lawyer and economist, he entered politics as a member of the Christian Social party in 1965 and later held several ministerial posts, notably finance minister
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 of Belgium became president of the commission. The entire commission resigned in 1999 amid accusations of financial mismanagement, corruption, fraud, and nepotism, and a new set of commissioners, with Romano ProdiProdi, Romano
, 1939–, Italian politician, premier of Italy (1996–98, 2006–8), b. Scandiano. Educated at the Catholic Univ. of Milan (grad. 1961), he is a trained economist and served (1978–79) as Italy's minister for industry; he also was a professor of
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 of Italy as president, was appointed later the same year. In 2004, José Manuel BarrosoBarroso, José Manuel Durão
, 1956–, Portuguese politician, b. Lisbon. A leftist activist while in law school, he became a Social Democrat in 1980 and was first elected to the Portuguese parliament in 1985.
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 succeeded Prodi as president.

References in periodicals archive ?
Vice Prime Minister Fatmir Besimi demanded Hahn to renew the high level dialogue with Macedonia, but there is no information whether the EU commissioner accepted it.
Speaking at a press conference in Brussels following her two-day trip to Japan to assess the situation after the disasters of the earthquake, tsunami and the nuclear accident that hit the country, the EU Commissioner said she delivered 70 tonnes of mattresses, sleeping bags and blankets sent by the European Union.
MORE than 80 farmers with their tractors and their cars gathered in Kofinou and stayed overnight in order to escort the EU Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development Mariann Fischer Boel to Limassol today and protest against the amount of compensation granted to them by the government for damages suffered from the drought.
Recto Buttiglione was nominated to be EU Commissioner for Justice, Freedom and Security but had to withdraw his name after comments he had made about gays and marriage became public.
The article featured key trans-Atlantic negotiators William McDonough, chairman of the newly established PCAOB, and Frits Bolkestein, the former EU Commissioner for Internal Markets, as they succeeded in defusing a potentially explosive situation arising from extraterritorial conflicts in law and regulation by building on new European oversight structures under which the principle of reciprocity could be accepted.
ie must hold the record for the shortest living bet in Irish political history as the market on Ireland's EU Commissioner was settled within an hour of opening.
Neena Gill, Euro MP has gained assurance from Commissioner Liikanen, EU Commissioner for Enterprise and Information Society, that the process for withdrawing the Precious Metals Directive which threatened the West Midlands' pounds 1 billion a year jewellery industry, is finally underway.
With these words, Margot Wallstrom, Sweden's EU Commissioner, described Anna Lindh, our foreign minister, shortly after her murder in a Stockholm department store.
The statement also quoted Antonio Vitorino, EU commissioner for justice and home affairs, as saying that the agreement will give a significant push to the EU's efforts to develop a common policy on illegal immigration.
IRELAND'S EU Commissioner has defended new EU laws that take for granted a future with genetically modified (GM) food on supermarket shelves.
Earlier this year the EU commissioner delivered a highly critical assessment of the state of liberalisation in the European energy market
Ahead of the occasion of the International Day for the elimination of violence against women on Wednesday, Federica Mogherini, the EU High Representative, Neven Mimica, EU Commissioner for International Cooperation and Development, Dimitris Avramopoulos, EU Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs, Christos Stylianides, EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, and Vera Jourova, EU Commissioner for Justice, issued a joint statement saying this violence against women and girls constitute a "blatant violation of human rights and gender discrimination that blights every country in Europe and worldwide.