Eannatum


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Eannatum

 

Ruler of the state of Lagash (c. 2450–2425 B.C.).

Various economic and legal documents from the period of Eannatum’s rule have been preserved; some inscriptions on contemporary buildings have also survived. Through victories over the rulers of neighboring city-states in Sumer and Elam, Eanna-tum extended the boundaries of his state from the city of Ur to the city of Kish. His victory over Ush, the ruler of the city of Umma, is depicted on the famous Stela of the Vultures; Eanna-tum was fighting Ush for control of the region of Gueden, which bordered on Lagash.

REFERENCE

D’iankonov, I. M. Obshchestvennyi i gosudarstvennyi stroi drevnego Dvurech’ia Shunter. Moscow, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
that could be experienced as a monument, comparable to the stelae of Eannatum of Lagash, Naram-Sin of Agade, and Hammurabi of Babylon in the Louvre.
One of the clearest examples of an experience presented to us in both modes is the victory of Entemena's uncle Eannatum over Umma.
From this point on, the text tells in normal secular mode of Eannatum's first success, his erecting of burial mounds for the slain, a rebellion in Umma during which its ruler was killed, a second engagement in which Eannatum was wounded by an arrow but continued the fight until he had subdued and ravaged Umma itself.
Pictorially the event is represented in the same secular mode on the back of the stele which shows Eannatum in his war chariot and leading his phalanx of warriors over a carpet of dead enemies.
Thus the original decision fixing the border between Lagash and Umma under Mesalim is recorded as made by Enlil; Mesalim is credited only with the subsidiary task of checking the measuring, in the case of Eannatum just quoted.
When Ush invaded Lagash and moved the steles marking the original boundary into Lagash territory, Enlil ordered Ningirsu to set things right, which he did with Eannatum as his human agent.
In fact, when Eannatum ravages Umma, he is not committing an affront to its god.