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Inflammation of the ear.



inflammation of the external, middle, or internal ear.

Otitis externa affects the skin of the auricle and external auditory meatus and proceeds with the formation of furuncles and eczema, as in other skin inflammations.

Otitis media may be acute or chronic. The acute form results from the penetration of microbes into the middle ear from the nose and nasopharynx in influenza and other infectious diseases. It occurs more often in children than in adults, because children are more susceptible to colds and adenoids. The symptoms are shooting pains in the ear, loss of hearing, elevated temperature, and suppurative discharges from the ear that often appear in the first day and sometimes even the first hours of the disease. In infants, acute otitis media causes restlessness and insomnia. The baby cries, turns its head, holds the affected ear with its hand, and refuses the breast because pain in the ear intensifies with swallowing. The inflammation is treated by tamponade with an alcoholic solution of boric acid or some other antiseptic; in some cases the tympanic membrane is punctured by paracentesis. In most cases, recovery is possible with prompt treatment. However, if the body is debilitated and other conditions are unfavorable, the disease may become chronic, in which case pus is discharged from the ear, and hearing is permanently impaired. Inflammation of the internal ear and meningitis—inflammation of the brain membranes—are possible complications.

Inflammation of the internal ear—labyrinthitis, or otitis interna—arises not only with otitis media but often in children with epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. When labyrinthitis is diffuse, all or almost all the endings of the acoustic nerve in the internal ear die, and complete or almost complete deafness results. With localized labyrinthitis hearing is partly preserved. Labyrinthitis is treated with antibiotics and surgery of the temporal bone.


Temkin, Ia. S. Ostryi otit i ego oslozhneniia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.


References in periodicals archive ?
Food allergies, allergies to drugs and atopy, which is a reaction to airborne allergens, can all trigger ear infections.
Possible reasons for a geographic uptick in feline ear infections may include climate and local vegetation, Dr.
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Most commonly, ear infections can be treated with professional cleaning followed by medication given at home.
Because 80% of children have had at least one ear infection by age 3, most families will frequently find themselves asking whether their child has an ear infection.
The Results: Three-fourths of the children with the history of an ear infection had been treated with antibiotics and the remainder had a delayed treatment (waiting a couple of days and then starting antibiotics if there was no improvement).
THE ROOT CAUSE In most cases of recurring ear infections, clearing up otitis (inflammation in the ear) is just the start of your work.
This dual mechanism helps explain earlier animal research conducted by the team that showed the vaccine could be used as a either a preventative or a treatment for ear infections, which are commonly treated with antibiotics.
Compared with children cared for at home until elementary school, those who began attending group child care before age 2 and a half had higher rates of respiratory infections and ear infections during early preschool, the same risk of infection during late preschool and lower risk of contracting respiratory tract or ear infections during early elementary school.
This study provides reassuring evidence for parents that their choices regarding child care (group size and age at en rollment) should not have a major effect on the health of their children from a long-term perspective, at least regarding respiratory tract infections, gastrointestinal tract infections, and ear infections," said Sylvana M.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is emerging as a factor that may promote recurrent middle ear infections--studies indicate that the prevalence of recurrent middle ear infections is greater among children who have OSA than among children who do not.
QI AM a keen swimmer but am prone to ear infections.