Earl Warren


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Warren, Earl,

1891–1974, American public official and 14th chief justice of the United States (1953–69), b. Los Angeles. He graduated from the Univ. of California Law School in 1912. Admitted (1914) to the bar, he practiced in Oakland, Calif., and held several local offices. He served (1939–43) as state attorney general and was governor of California from 1943 to 1953. In 1948 he was the unsuccessful candidate for Vice President on the Republican ticket headed by Thomas E. DeweyDewey, Thomas Edmund,
1902–71, American political figure, governor (1943–55) of New York, b. Owosso, Mich. Admitted (1925) to the bar, Dewey practiced law and in 1931 became chief assistant U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York.
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. In Oct., 1953, President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice to succeed Fred M. VinsonVinson, Frederick Moore,
1890–1953, 13th chief justice of the United States (1946–53), b. Louisa, Ky. He received his law degree from Centre College in Danville, Kentucky (1911). He served (1923–29, 1931–38) in the U.S.
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. One of the most dynamic of chief justices, Warren led the court toward a number of landmark decisions in the fields of civil rights and individual liberties. Among these were the unanimous 1954 decision, written by Warren, ending segregation in the nation's schools (see Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans.,
case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1954. Linda Brown was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka because she was black.
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); the one man, one vote rulings, which opened the way for legislative and Congressional reapportionment; and decisions in criminal cases guaranteeing the right to counsel and protecting the accused from police abuses. In 1963–64, Warren headed the commission that investigated the assassination of President Kennedy (see Warren CommissionWarren Commission,
popular name given to the U.S. Commission to Report upon the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy, established (Nov. 29, 1963) by executive order of President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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). He retired from the bench in 1969. His public papers were edited by H. M. Christman (1959).

Bibliography

See biographies by J. D. Weaver (1967), G. E. White (1982), and E. Cray (1997); studies by A. Cox (1968), R. H. Sayler et al. (1969), and B. Schwartz (1983).

Warren, Earl

(1891–1974) Supreme Court chief justice; born in Los Angeles. He was district attorney in Alameda County, Calif. (1920–39), state attorney general (1939–43), and served three terms as governor of California (1942–53) before President Eisenhower appointed him chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1953–69). To many people's surprise, the liberal "Warren Court" actively used its judiciary powers to decide several landmark cases that affected civil rights, criminal procedure, and religious practice. Brown v. Board of Education (1954) desegregated public schools and ruled segregation "inherently unequal." Miranda v. Arizona (1966) ensured the rights of criminal suspects. The court shocked the country when it found required prayer in public schools to breach the separation of church and state. At the special request of President Lyndon Johnson, he headed the investigation of President Kennedy's assassination; the "Warren Commission" found that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beytagh to Chief Justice Earl Warren, supra note 77, at 5-6.
Currently, he is co-director of the University of California-Berkeley law school's Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute for Race, Ethnicity and Diversity, which launched in 2005.
Earl Warren, The Bill of Rights and the Military, 37 N.
Lest we forget, the Supreme Court under Earl Warren was a force in both American and foreign law.
The decision by Chief Justice Earl Warren found that taxpayers must meet two criteria: the legislation being challenged must directly involve the expenditure of tax funds, and the body spending the money must be exceeding a specific limitation on its power.
Earl Warren was interested in our interviews because he was writing his autobiography, but he resisted doing an oral history himself until Willa and Amelia (Chita) Fry arranged a luncheon for him, and a close chum from their Alameda County District Attorney days, at the Faculty Club.
But redistricting's modern era only really began in the 1960s, when an energetic Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Earl Warren established the principle of "one man, one vote," and Lyndon Johnson's Voting Rights Act required the creation of districts in which minorities could conceivably be elected.
We need only to look to the careers of Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice David Souter on the United States Supreme Court for proof.
Later still, in 1969, Chief Justice Earl Warren would cite the Wilkes case in ruling that the House of Representatives had acted unconstitutionally by excluding Rep.
Chief Justice Earl Warren ordered a new trial for Miranda and set rules for evidence in criminal trials.
Supreme Court by President Eisenhower in 1953, Earl Warren, a Republican and the former governor of California, led a unanimous Supreme Court ruling that banned segregation in the nation's schools in the Brown v.
The constitutional philosophy of Earl Warren, William Brennan, Thurgood Marshall, and other prominent justices of the second half of the twentieth century may not be represented on today's Supreme Court, but it remains vital, in academia, among young idealists, lawyers, and students alike, and even among a fair number of jurists.