Simon de Montfort

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Related to Earl of Leicester: Elizabeth I, Mary Queen of Scots

Montfort, Simon de

(mŏnt`fərt, Fr. môNfôr`), c.1160–1218, count of Montfort and earl of Leicester. A participant in the Fourth Crusade (1202–4), he did not join in the sack of Constantinople, but instead proceeded to Syria. He later led the crusade against the AlbigensesAlbigenses
[Lat.,=people of Albi, one of their centers], religious sect of S France in the Middle Ages. Beliefs and Practices

Officially known as heretics, they were actually Cathari, Provençal adherents of a doctrine similar to the Manichaean dualistic
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. Capable, ambitious, and fanatically religious, he commanded the Crusaders who remained in S France after the taking (1209) of Carcassone and, with papal approval, was elected viscount of Béziers and of Carcassone by the armies. In 1211 he attacked the remaining territories of Raymond VIRaymond VI,
1156–1222, count of Toulouse (c.1194–1222). His tolerant attitude toward the Albigenses resulted in his repeated excommunication, although he temporarily made peace with the church in 1209.
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 of Toulouse and overran all but Toulouse and Montauban. Pope Innocent III attempted to make him recognize Peter IIPeter II,
1174–1213, king of Aragón (1196–1213) and count of Barcelona, son and successor of Alfonso II. He had himself crowned (1204) at Rome by Pope Innocent III, whom he accepted as overlord of Aragón and Catalonia.
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 of Aragón as overlord, but in 1213 Simon defeated Peter and Raymond at Muret. He was proclaimed lord of Toulouse and Montauban by the Crusaders (1215), and his title was confirmed by the pope at the Lateran Council. Raymond recaptured (1217) some of his territories, and Simon renewed the warfare; he was killed while besieging Toulouse. Through his mother he claimed the English earldom of Leicester, to which his right was intermittently recognized by King John. His son was Simon de Montfort, the leader of the English barons.

Montfort, Simon de


Earl of Leicester. Born circa 1208 in Montfort, He de France; died Aug. 4, 1265, in Evesham. English political figure, one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to King Henry III.

De Montfort was among the authors of the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which sharply curtailed royal authority in favor of the barons. He contributed to the issuance of the Provisions of Westminster in 1259 and to the introduction of other measures that took into account the interests of the lesser knights and urban dwellers.

After civil war broke out in 1263, De Montfort and his supporters gained a victory over royal forces at Lewes on May 14, 1264. Becoming de facto dictator, or lord protector, of England, he summoned the first parliament in January 1265, thus laying the foundation for representation according to social estate in England. De Montfort’s forces were defeated by royal troops at Evesham, where he was killed in battle.


Gutnova, E. V. Vozniknovenie angliiskogo par/amenta. Moscow, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Earl of Leicester was a major figure in this circle, as was Charles Howard the second Lord Effingham, whom Gurr shows intriguing behind the scenes to ensure his control of theatrical entertainments presented to the Queen.
Cadw also hopes to retrace the lives of Robert Wynn, who built Plas Mawr in Conwy between 1576 and 1585 and Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, a suitor of Elizabeth I, who built a part-finished Protestant Cathedral near Denbigh Castle, in contrast with the previously Catholic St Asaph Cathedral.
Perry's key text, which acts as a leitmotif throughout the book, is the 1584 Leicester's Commonwealth, a Catholic attack on Elizabeth's favorite Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
Four long, heavily-noted chapters deal in turn with accounts of the coronation entry of Elizabeth I into London, the 1575 Kenilworth entertainment staged for her by the Earl of Leicester, chronicle representations of Richard II, and 1590s dramatizations of that reign appropriated by accounts of the Essex trial of 1601.
I believe the street may have been named after Lady Amye Robsart (15327-1560), wife of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
Glenconner and Lady Anne, daughter of the 5th Earl of Leicester, had five children.
IAAEm inclined to think she was a virgin all her life, and if she wasnAAEt, the only person I could imagine as her lover is the earl of Leicester, clearly the only man she ever loved.
2 Who was the father of Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster?
The powerful Sally Dibblee used her weightier, darker soprano to great effect as the proud but vulnerable Elizabeth, supremely jealous that the Earl of Leicester has chosen Mary over her, but also feeling great anguish before finally signing her rival's death warrant.
but most of all a big thanks for proferring the Northumberland title on Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester.
Up for examination are a dining table, a jewel said to have extraordinary powers and a portrait of Robert Dudley, First Earl of Leicester, and an important patron of theatre in the court of Elizabeth I.
Simon de Montfort, the Earl of Leicester, persecuted Jews, plotted in the assassination of the Bishop of Hereford and corruptly doled out vast areas of the country to his sons.