Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

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Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

(rōz`bərē), 1847–1929, British statesman. He succeeded his grandfather as earl in 1868. A Liberal, Rosebery was undersecretary for home affairs (1881–83), entered the cabinet as lord privy seal (1885), and served (1886, 1892–94) as foreign secretary. His imperialist views brought him into frequent conflict with the prime minister, William Gladstone, but he was able to secure the establishment of a British protectorate in Uganda. When Gladstone retired in 1894, it was expected that Sir William HarcourtHarcourt, Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon,
1827–1904, English statesman. A brilliant parliamentarian and a supporter of Gladstone, he entered Parliament in 1868 and had a notable career as solicitor general (1873–74), home secretary (1880–85), and
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 would succeed him, but Queen VictoriaVictoria
(Alexandrina Victoria) , 1819–1901, queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the daughter of Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III), and Princess Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
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 called on Rosebery to become prime minister. That caused a split in the Liberal party, and Rosebery was forced to resign in 1895. He became the leader of the Liberal Imperialist division of the party, but retired from politics in 1905 when Henry Campbell-Bannerman was chosen as Liberal prime minister. He wrote a number of historical monographs, including William Pitt (1891), Napoleon: The Last Phase (1900), and Chatham (1910).


See biographies by his son-in-law, the 1st marquess of Crewe (1931), and R. R. James (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
The 1835 work was bought by the Fifth Earl of Rosebery in 1878 and has stayed in the family ever since.
After Munro's death, along with Turner's Modern Rome--Campo Vaccino (1839), it was acquired by the Earl of Rosebery to celebrate his marriage in 1878 to the greatest heiress of the day, Hannah Rothschild.
John Randall 'Hardy constitution' Owner-breeder 5th Earl of Rosebery Trainer Frank Hartigan Jockey George Duller Festival win 1914 Gloucestershire Hurdle Other big wins 1911 Sandown Park Stud Produce Stakes, 1914 Newbury Spring Cup, 1915 Shamrock Hurdle, Newbury Spring Cup Ran 7 races over jumps, won 6 What you didn't know He sired champion hurdler Flaming and the dam of US Triple Crown winner Omaha; via Ragusa, he appears in the pedigree of Gold Cup winner See More Business What they said about him "Wrack is endowed not only with great racing ability but also with indomitable courage and an extremely hardy constitution" - Bloodstock Breeders' Review 1915
Aa The picture was bought by the 5th Earl of Rosebery, and his wife Hannah Rothschild, in 1878 and has remained in his family collection ever since.
The picture was originally bought by the 5th Earl of Rosebery and his wife Hannah Rothschild in 1878 and has remained in his family collection ever since.
The painting has been passed down the family of the 5th Earl of Rosebery and is being sold by a descendant.
The letters came from the library of former Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, the Earl of Rosebery, who bought the letters in 1885 and kept them in his family.
Crooked crimper Mark McMorrine has landed on his feet with the plush Water Tower next door to the 7th Earl of Rosebery and his wife.
WHEN the paper was launched, Queen Victoria was on the throne and the Prime Ministers who served under her during the1890s were Gladstone, Salisbury and, briefly, the Earl of Rosebery.
The current Earl of Rosebery, whose family has owned the huge estate since the 16th century.
Private Visit to Dalmeny House -- Located in what is credited as one of the most beautiful and unspoiled settings in Britain, Dalmeny House, home to the Earl of Rosebery, offers passengers the opportunity to travel back 300 years to an art-filled Gothic Tudor estate in this new excursion option from Rosyth, Scotland.
She married a gentile politician, the 5th Earl of Rosebery, who owned three Derby winners - Ladas (1894), Sir Visto (1895) and Cicero (1905), the first two of whom triumphed at Epsom while he was Prime Minister.