Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

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Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

(rōz`bərē), 1847–1929, British statesman. He succeeded his grandfather as earl in 1868. A Liberal, Rosebery was undersecretary for home affairs (1881–83), entered the cabinet as lord privy seal (1885), and served (1886, 1892–94) as foreign secretary. His imperialist views brought him into frequent conflict with the prime minister, William Gladstone, but he was able to secure the establishment of a British protectorate in Uganda. When Gladstone retired in 1894, it was expected that Sir William HarcourtHarcourt, Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon,
1827–1904, English statesman. A brilliant parliamentarian and a supporter of Gladstone, he entered Parliament in 1868 and had a notable career as solicitor general (1873–74), home secretary (1880–85), and
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 would succeed him, but Queen VictoriaVictoria
(Alexandrina Victoria) , 1819–1901, queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the daughter of Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III), and Princess Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
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 called on Rosebery to become prime minister. That caused a split in the Liberal party, and Rosebery was forced to resign in 1895. He became the leader of the Liberal Imperialist division of the party, but retired from politics in 1905 when Henry Campbell-Bannerman was chosen as Liberal prime minister. He wrote a number of historical monographs, including William Pitt (1891), Napoleon: The Last Phase (1900), and Chatham (1910).


See biographies by his son-in-law, the 1st marquess of Crewe (1931), and R. R. James (1963).

References in classic literature ?
The entire number of the Indians, within the Union, is differently computed, at between one and three hundred thousand souls.
And as for the experiments that others have already made, even although these parties should be willing of themselves to communicate them to him (which is what those who esteem them secrets will never do), the experiments are, for the most part, accompanied with so many circumstances and superfluous elements, as to make it exceedingly difficult to disentangle the truth from its adjuncts- besides, he will find almost all of them so ill described, or even so false (because those who made them have wished to see in them only such facts as they deemed conformable to their principles), that, if in the entire number there should be some of a nature suited to his purpose, still their value could not compensate for the time what would be necessary to make the selection.
A FORMER gamekeeper to the Earl of Rosebery has been accused of abusing children aged between three and 16 over a 22 year period.
He suggests he was sacrificed to protect then Liberal Prime Minister, Archibald Primrose, the Earl of Rosebery.
The 6th Earl of Rosebery played cricket for Middlesex and Surrey, and owned Crown Prince, the 1934 National Hunt Chase winner, as well as Derby heroes Blue Peter and Ocean Swell.
Dalmeny, 33, son of the Earl of Rosebery, said: "I'm sure that some people will think I'm selling it just for the money.
No doubt there will be eyebrows raised when you consider how much the Earl of Rosebery is worth.
Primrose's father was the 5th Earl of Rosebery who, in his youth, averred that he had three ambitions in life: to become Prime Minister, to marry an heiress and to win the Derby.
But the only Scots to get a mention are Sotheby's executive Lord Dalmeny, son of the Earl of Rosebery, and his wife Caroline, editor of Harpers & Queen, who scrape in at 95.
Ellangowan required time at two, and Jarvis refused to hurry him, regularly telling owner the 5th Earl of Rosebery that his horse had a cough (untrue).
Earlier this year, there was uproar when it was revealed one of the duke's neighbours, the Earl of Rosebery, applied for lottery funding to restore his palace at Dalmeny House.
The People's Palace and Winter Gardens were first opened in January 1898, by the Earl of Rosebery, who declared the building, "open to the people for ever and ever".