Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

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Rosebery, Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th earl of

(rōz`bərē), 1847–1929, British statesman. He succeeded his grandfather as earl in 1868. A Liberal, Rosebery was undersecretary for home affairs (1881–83), entered the cabinet as lord privy seal (1885), and served (1886, 1892–94) as foreign secretary. His imperialist views brought him into frequent conflict with the prime minister, William Gladstone, but he was able to secure the establishment of a British protectorate in Uganda. When Gladstone retired in 1894, it was expected that Sir William HarcourtHarcourt, Sir William George Granville Venables Vernon,
1827–1904, English statesman. A brilliant parliamentarian and a supporter of Gladstone, he entered Parliament in 1868 and had a notable career as solicitor general (1873–74), home secretary (1880–85), and
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 would succeed him, but Queen VictoriaVictoria
(Alexandrina Victoria) , 1819–1901, queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1837–1901) and empress of India (1876–1901). She was the daughter of Edward, duke of Kent (fourth son of George III), and Princess Mary Louise Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
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 called on Rosebery to become prime minister. That caused a split in the Liberal party, and Rosebery was forced to resign in 1895. He became the leader of the Liberal Imperialist division of the party, but retired from politics in 1905 when Henry Campbell-Bannerman was chosen as Liberal prime minister. He wrote a number of historical monographs, including William Pitt (1891), Napoleon: The Last Phase (1900), and Chatham (1910).


See biographies by his son-in-law, the 1st marquess of Crewe (1931), and R. R. James (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
New entrants on the environmental charity's top 100 subsidy recipients this year included the Earl of Rosebery, and Earl Bathurst.
In the early 18th century, Dorothea Cressy married Archibald Primrose, who was later made Earl of Rosebery.
The 5th Earl of Rosebery, the only owner to win the Derby while prime minister, won both runnings of the race during his 15 months in office (1894-95) with Ladas and Sir Visto, and he won it for a third time with Cicero in 1905.
The 1835 work was bought by the Fifth Earl of Rosebery in 1878 and has stayed in the family ever since.
After Munro's death, along with Turner's Modern Rome--Campo Vaccino (1839), it was acquired by the Earl of Rosebery to celebrate his marriage in 1878 to the greatest heiress of the day, Hannah Rothschild.
Rothschild was married to the Earl of Rosebery and, like Woolf, in a mixed-religion marriage.
Aa The picture was bought by the 5th Earl of Rosebery, and his wife Hannah Rothschild, in 1878 and has remained in his family collection ever since.
The picture was originally bought by the 5th Earl of Rosebery and his wife Hannah Rothschild in 1878 and has remained in his family collection ever since.
The letters came from the library of former Prime Minister Archibald Primrose, the Earl of Rosebery, who bought the letters in 1885 and kept them in his family.
Between 1868 and 1935 there were eleven premiers of whom six were Scots by birth or ancestry: William Ewart Gladstone (1809-98), Archibald, 5th Earl of Rosebery (1847-1929), Arthur Balfour (1848-1930), Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1836-1908), Andrew Bonar Law (1858-1923) and Ramsay MacDonald (1866-1937).
WHEN the paper was launched, Queen Victoria was on the throne and the Prime Ministers who served under her during the1890s were Gladstone, Salisbury and, briefly, the Earl of Rosebery.