Queen Maud Land(redirected from East Antarctic Dronning Maud Land)
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Queen Maud Land,region: see AntarcticaAntarctica
, the fifth largest continent, c.5,500,000 sq mi (14,245,000 sq km), asymmetrically centered on the South Pole and almost entirely within the Antarctic Circle. Geology and Geography
Antarctica consists of two major regions: W Antarctica (c.
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Queen Maud Land
part of Eastern Antarctica between 20° W long, and 45° E long. It is covered by a thick ice sheet, which rises higher than 3,500 m in the south. In the coastal regions a few mountain ranges and peaks rise above the ice sheet to elevations of 3,000 m and more. The coasts, washed by the Lazarev, Riiser Larsen, and Cosmonaut seas, are almost entirely dominated by shelf ice. Queen Maud Land has been the scene of scientific studies by Soviet, Belgian, South African, and Japanese expeditions. Scientific stations presently in operation include Novolazarevskaia (USSR), SANAE (South Africa), and Showa (Japan). The region was discovered in 1930 by the Norwegian expedition of Riiser Larsen and named in honor of the Norwegian queen.