Noting a conspicuous "proliferation of symptomatic bodies and GDR-specific medical discourses in East German
literature written before and after 1989" (11), Klocke launches an interdisciplinary investigation in an attempt to diagnose the phenomenon, interweaving detailed close readings of prose literature with discussion of East German
healthcare and medical discourse.
In daily conversations, West Germans tended to present themselves as the "future" of East Germans
, thereby categorising the East/ East Germans
Market shares of all East German
products dropped after unification, since people switched to West German products for their novelty and better quality.
Guenther Schabowski, the former senior East German
Communist official who accidentally announced the opening of the Berlin Wall, has died aged 86, German media reported on Sunday.
Historian Scott Moranda adds to this discussion with The People's Own Landscape, effectively demonstrating that instead of bitter disagreement between ordinary citizens and the ruling Socialist Unity Party (SED) over land usage, there was for most of East German
history a remarkable consensus between rulers and ruled that scientific and authoritarian management of nature could yield limitless economic abundance and higher standards of living.
Until the Wall was put up, hundreds of thousands of the best educated East Germans
fled from East to West Berlin and then flew to freedom in West Germany.
Since then, the productivity gap between West and East German
companies has narrowed but has not been closed yet.
Hundreds of thousands of East Germans
had taken to the streets, demanding free elections, the right to travel without restrictions, and other democratic reforms.
In this context, the claim of the GDR government to represent the good Germany, in contrast to capitalist and therefore by definition fascist West Germany, was a critical factor in shaping a separate state identity for East Germans
, at home and abroad.
The result in 1960, when West German per capita income was double that of the East Germans
, was a 32 percent increase in refugees, from 140,000 to 185,000, or 500 daily.
Kohl was chancellor in 1989 when the East German
regime began to collapse and implemented measures that eventually led to the integration of the two countries.
and west Germans alike would have to think about everyday acts of opportunism and civil courage in relation to themselves.