Communist East Germany
on Friday permanently lifted travel restrictions on its citizens, and workers began punching a hole in the Berlin Wall that for 28 years separated families and divided East and West.
That was supposed to happen on November 10, but by now East Germany
was a place of chaos and confusion and, with thousands of East Germans massing at the checkpoint and thousands of West Germans waiting to greet them, the inevitable could not be delayed.
Born in the eastern state of Thuringia in 1922, Bahr was instrumental in West Germany's efforts to improve ties with the Soviet Union, East Germany
and other Warsaw Pact states.
The forced labor involved criminal and political prisoners in the former East Germany
between 25 and 30 years ago.
In communist East Germany
, the top concern among ordinary residents was day-to-day survival in a nation of shortages.
Technological progress was an ideal in East Germany
during the Cold War.
SSI served Hosni Mubarak much as the Stasi served the commissars of East Germany
, and as in many a communist state, even the leader was not exempt from surveillance.
The tour was the third undertaken by the consulate, whose district encompasses German states that were once part of East Germany
and had been subjected to four decades of virulent anti-American propaganda during the Cold War.
He had one refrigerated truck, a small refrigerated warehouse and one of only a very few private businesses in East Germany
I didn't grow up in East Germany
and didn't know how it felt to always be on guard like that, to always be mistrustful of other people.
Merkel is herself the daughter of a Protestant pastor and, like Gauck, grew up in the former East Germany
One major difference, however, is that workplace computerisation was lower in East Germany
than in West Germany, although the East did catch up during the 1990s.