East Saint Louis

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East Saint Louis

(lo͞o`ĭs), city (1990 pop. 40,944), St. Clair co., SW Ill., on the Mississippi River opposite St. Louis; inc. 1859. Once a rail and transportation hub with stockyards and warehouses, East St. Louis has suffered serious economic decline; in 1994 Illinois took over operation of the city government. Oil refining, steel, chemicals, glass, and construction materials have all been important industries, but unemployment, population loss, and social problems have wracked the city since the 1960s. A riverboat gambling casino is now a major employer.

The city was once the site of significant Native American mounds built during the Mississippian period (see Mound BuildersMound Builders,
in North American archaeology, name given to those people who built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mts.
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), but they were leveled as the city grew. The first European settlement here was in 1765. Cahokia Creek was bridged in 1795, and a ferry across the Mississippi began operation shortly thereafter. East St. Louis was plagued by devastating floods until its first dike was completed in 1909. Just northeast are the Cahokia MoundsCahokia Mounds,
approximately 85 surviving Native American earthworks, most in Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, SW Ill., near East St. Louis; largest group of mounds N of Mexico. Monks' Mound, a rectangular, flat-topped earthwork, 100 ft (30.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
But Dunham continued to speak at protest rallies in the ousted president's behalf and to teach her technique at the Katherine Dunham Centers for the Arts and Humanities in East St.
Columbia Entertainment, the gaming affiliate of Columbia Sussex Corporation, today announced a definitive agreement to acquire Casino Queen, a privately owned hotel and casino complex in East St.
OTC Pink Sheets:DIGG) announced today that its subsidiary, Digital Energy & Farming (DEF) has been informed by Entropic Energy LLC that the $425 million synthetic coal, bio-fuel and farming waste-to-energy industrial complex has been granted $30 plus million in tax increment funding (TIF) by East St.
OTC Pink Sheets:DIGG) announced today that its subsidiary, Digital Energy & Farming (DEF) signed a new agreement with Entropic Energy LLC that enables it to be the lead in the $425 million waste-to-energy complex to be located in East St.
In 1904, George Brown founded the General Roofing Manufacturing Company in East St.
Her philanthropic efforts have allowed her to raise over $12 million dollars to build a community center in her hometown of East St.

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