East Saint Louis

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East Saint Louis

(lo͞o`ĭs), city (1990 pop. 40,944), St. Clair co., SW Ill., on the Mississippi River opposite St. Louis; inc. 1859. Once a rail and transportation hub with stockyards and warehouses, East St. Louis has suffered serious economic decline; in 1994 Illinois took over operation of the city government. Oil refining, steel, chemicals, glass, and construction materials have all been important industries, but unemployment, population loss, and social problems have wracked the city since the 1960s. A riverboat gambling casino is now a major employer.

The city was once the site of significant Native American mounds built during the Mississippian period (see Mound BuildersMound Builders,
in North American archaeology, name given to those people who built mounds in a large area from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico and from the Mississippi River to the Appalachian Mts.
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), but they were leveled as the city grew. The first European settlement here was in 1765. Cahokia Creek was bridged in 1795, and a ferry across the Mississippi began operation shortly thereafter. East St. Louis was plagued by devastating floods until its first dike was completed in 1909. Just northeast are the Cahokia MoundsCahokia Mounds,
approximately 85 Native American earthworks in Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, SW Ill., near East St. Louis; largest group of mounds N of Mexico. Monks' Mound, a rectangular, flat-topped earthwork, 100 ft (30.5 m) high with a 17-acre (6.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
About Casino Queen Hotel & Casino Casino Queen Hotel & Casino is a premier locals-oriented casino, hotel and entertainment complex located in East St.
OTC Pink Sheets:DIGG) announced today that its subsidiary, Digital Energy & Farming (DEF) signed a new agreement with Entropic Energy LLC that enables it to be the lead in the $425 million waste-to-energy complex to be located in East St.
In 1904, George Brown founded the General Roofing Manufacturing Company in East St.
He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Casino Queen Riverboat in East St.
As General Manager, Motte will direct service for customers on rail lines between Indianapolis and East St.
This increase is due primarily to the Company's efforts to continue to build the customer base of the Alton Belle II, through expanded advertising, promotional and bus programs in anticipation of increased competition from Missouri casinos, and due to competition from a riverboat in East St.
TENNSV and Conrail are challenging the validity and constitutionality of the Illinois Court's order in Federal District Court in East St.

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