Sussex(redirected from East Sussex and West Sussex)
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Sussex,former county, SE England, since 1888 divided for administrative purposes into East SussexEast Sussex,
county (1991 pop. 670,600), 693 sq mi (1,795 sq km), extreme SE England. It comprises five administrative districts: Eastbourne, Hastings, Lewes, Rother, and Wealden.
..... Click the link for more information. and West SussexWest Sussex,
county (1991 pop. 692,800), 768 sq mi (1,990 sq km), S England. Chichester is the county seat. Administratively, the county is divided into the districts of Chichester, Arun, Worthing, Adur, Horsham, Crawley, and Mid Sussex.
..... Click the link for more information. . LewesLewes
, town (1991 pop. 14,499) and district, East Sussex, SE England. The county seat of East Sussex, Lewes is a farm market with light manufactures. St. Pancras priory was founded in the town in the 11th cent.; its ruins remain.
..... Click the link for more information. is the county seat of East Sussex; ChichesterChichester
, city and district (1991 pop. 26,050), West Sussex, S England. Chichester is an agricultural, retailing, and yachting center and the administrative seat of West Sussex. It has some light industry.
..... Click the link for more information. of West Sussex. The South Downs—low, rolling hills that cross Sussex from east to west and terminate at Beachy Head on the English Channel coast—are the former county's most notable geographical feature. The old kingdom of the South Saxons (see Sussex, kingdom ofSussex, kingdom of,
one of the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy (seven kingdoms) in England, located S of the Weald. It was settled in the late 5th cent. (according to tradition in 477) by Saxons under Ælle, who defeated the Celts in several battles and established a brief military
..... Click the link for more information. ) was founded by King Ælle in the late 5th cent. Later the region was incorporated into WessexWessex
, one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms in England. It may have been settled as early as 495 by Saxons under Cerdic, who is reputed to have landed in Hampshire. Cerdic's grandson, Ceawlin (560–93), annexed scattered Saxon settlements in the Chiltern Hills and drove the
..... Click the link for more information. . William I (William the Conqueror) landed at PevenseyPevensey
, small town (1991 pop. 2,725), East Sussex, S England, on the English Channel. Modern Pevensey, called Pevensey Bay, is a shore resort. In the old town, the site of the Roman fort Anderida, are remains of Roman walls and a Norman castle.
..... Click the link for more information. in 1066 and defeated Harold's Saxons at HastingsHastings,
city (1991 pop. 74,979) and district, East Sussex, SE England. A resort and residential city, Hastings is backed by cliffs and has a 3-mi (4.8-km) marine esplanade, parks, and bathing beaches. The site was occupied in Roman times.
..... Click the link for more information. . In 1974, East Sussex and West Sussex were reorganized as nonmetropolitan counties.
a breed of chicken raised for meat and eggs. The breed was introduced in Sussex, England, by crossing local fowl with the Dorking, Cornish, white Cochin, Orpington, and Brahma breeds. There are three varieties classified according to the color of the plumage: light, yellow-brown, and red. The light variety is the commonest. The color of the plumage is sex-linked; when the Sussex is crossed with other breeds, the sex of day-old chicks can be determined. Adult males weigh 3.3–3.5 kg, and adult females 2.5–2.7 kg; young fowl of the meat strains attain 1.3–1.5 kg 70 days after hatching. The hens lay 160–170 eggs per year. Sussex chickens are bred in many European countries and, on a small scale, in the USSR.