Easter Rising

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Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
Whearity documents the Irish Volunteer movement in north County Dublin, specifically the perspective of the Skerries Company of Irish Volunteers before, during, and after the Easter Rising of 1916.
Visiting student Kevin Croke of County Kildare (inset) discovered his great grandfather Michael Croke was one of the 1,860 Irish prisoners held at Frongoch near Bala after the Easter Rising of 1916 Inset picture: ERFYL LLOYD DAVIES
The British Government interred some 1,800 Irishmen after the Easter Rising of 1916 at Frongoch, a remote prisoner of war camp near Bala.
Rubble from the Easter Rising of 1916 at nearby O'Connell Street formed the original terracing at the railway end, hence its name Hill 16 and the sacred status which has enabled it to survive as the only standing area left in among the world's top venues.
In which city did the Easter Rising of 1916 take place?
Now Chief of Police in East Johannesburg, he was in Dublin as he traces his lineage back to Major John McBride who was executed following the Easter Rising of 1916.
And there's the GPO in O'Connell Street, famous for the Easter Rising of 1916.
But the thin volume of poems titled The Pen Shop hardly does him justice, since its cover photograph of the mythical hero Cuchulain, taken from a bronze statue that stands today in the General Post Office on O'Connell Street in Dublin, where the leaders of the Easter Rising of 1916 battled bravely and lost to the British, has little to do with the sequence of short poems inside, though Kinsella gives a verbal description of the Cuchulain statue in his first poem: "Around the bronze hero / sagging half covered off his upright, / looking down over one shoulder at his feet.
But following the Easter Rising of 1916, Royal Liver's trustees decided against investing in Ireland.
Irish historian Padraig Og O Ruairc has gathered in his third book an impressive amount of vintage photographs from a troubled era in Ireland, showing the signs of a rising conflict, the early Irish mobilization from 1913, the Easter Rising of 1916, the War of Independence 1919-1921, the bitter Civil War of 1922-1923, and the IRA ceasefire.
It offers a day-by-day account, from April 24 to April 30, of the occupation of the Four Courts area in Dublin during the Easter Rising of 1916.
Other sites of interest in relation to this period include the General Post Office which acted as a centre of resistance during the Easter Rising of 1916, and the Daniel O'Connell statue and monument, which still bears bullet marks.