Easter Rising

(redirected from Easter Uprising)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Easter Uprising collapsed in days after the British bombarded Dublin GPO on O'Connell Street.
That would fit in with the Easter Uprising anniverary,' Mr Fry said.
At a commemoration of the 1916 Easter Uprising at Carrickmore, Co Tyrone, he told supporters: "There will be a united Ireland.
Also on this day: 1874: Strauss's opera Die Fledermaus was first performed in Vienna; 1920: On the Easter Uprising anniversary, 120 police stations and 22 tax offices were set ablaze in Ireland; 1955: Sir Winston Churchill resigned as Prime Minister; 1960: the film Ben Hur won a record ten Oscars; 1964: The first driverless automatic trains ran on London's Underground.
Chief Superintendent Tom Buchan told the licensing board pictures of IRA hunger strikers from the 1980s and republicans from the 1916 Easter uprising were on display.
A Star Called Henry tells the story of Henry Smart, who is born in the slums of Dublin in 1901 and finds himself caught up in the events of the 1916 Easter Uprising.
The stage show was adapted from the novel by Irish writer Jamie O'Neill and tells of the developing love between two teenage boys set against the backdrop of the Easter Uprising in Ireland.
It may also idly reflect why the south of Ireland never gets any weather at all - rain, snow and sun all stop at the border - but I gather that's something to do with the Easter Uprising.
Henry tells the story of nationalist uprising and colonial repression in Galway Ireland during the War of Independence that started after the Easter Uprising in 1916.
Having come of age in the early 20th century, when a monumental history of oppression and bloodshed had divided Ireland and its people, Collins was arrested during the 1916 Easter Uprising.
They've been written off by Christmas as relegation fodder, only to mount their own Easter uprising and somehow manage to scramble clear of the drop.