East Africa

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East Africa

a region of Africa comprising Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania

East Africa


a natural land area encompassing the eastern part of Africa in the equatorial and subequatorial latitudes between the Ethiopian Plateau in the north, the Congo depression in the west, the lower course of the Zambezi River in the south, and the Indian Ocean in the east.

Kenya, Uganda, Ruanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Mozambique are completely or partially within the boundaries of East Africa. Almost the entire territory of East Africa (with the exception of the narrow belt of the coastal lowlands of the Indian Ocean) is composed of the anticlinal-block East African highlands, with elevations of more than 1,000 m; it is broken by tectonic fractures. There is an alternation in the topography among elevated socle planes, deep and narrow fault troughs, fault scarps of great length, block mountains, lava plateaus, and isolated volcanic cones. The continent’s three highest peaks—the extinct volcanoes Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) and Kenya (5,199 m) and the crystalline horst Ruwenzori (5,109 m)—are located in East Africa. The region has an equatorial-monsoon, hot (warm at altitudes above 1,500-2,000 m), and seasonally humid climate. The East African highlands acts as a divide between the basins of the Nile, Congo, and Zambezi and a number of less important rivers that empty into the Indian Ocean; there are territories without drainage (in certain closed fault troughs). The most important element in the hydrographic system consists of the large lakes that lie in the fault troughs (Tanganyika, Nyasa, Rudolf, and others) or in shallow depressions in the socle plains (Lake Victoria and others). Various types of savannas and sparse forsts are predominant in vegetation; in the mountains there is altitudinal zonality of vegetation (mountain-forest, Afro-Subalpine, and Afro-Alpine belts). The animal population is extremely abundant and varied (especially the large mammals) and is characteristic in its composition of the East African subregion of the Ethiopian zoographic region.


References in periodicals archive ?
Eastern African countries had higher levels of public sector provision in the periods studied and all experienced an increase in public sector provision relative to the private sector over time.
The genomic analysis of the Mayotte isolates placed them within the 2006-2007 eastern African Kenya-1 lineage.
The theme of the conference is Effective Public Financial Accountability in the Southern and Eastern African Regions.
Orobator, a Nigerian, is the provincial of the Eastern African Province of the Society of Jesus and a lecturer at Hekima College, Jesuit School of Theology, in Nairobi, Kenya.
The Congolese giants don't play in the Cecafa region - which covers eastern African states.
As one one the world's most rapidly growing economies, Turkey is of strategic importance to Uganda and eastern African markets.
Tokyo plans to complete the construction of a tarmac for P-3C surveillance planes and housing for SDF members in the eastern African country next year, the sources said.
Minister Fahmi Al Jowder accepted the honour at a gala event held as part of the European Middle Eastern African Summit, taking place in Barcelona, Spain.
Geo Group & Associates, MTMC's publicity consultants, reported that the south eastern African country had seen a rise of over 40 per cent in visitor numbers, the opening of new lodges and the overall expansion and upgrading of accommodation and other facilities.
26; and performances by the Bantu Wizards acrobatic troupe of Eastern African traditions and Jerry Brown the Monkey Man on both days.
He is the co-chair of a finance committee who manage the budget and review aid given to the eastern African country.
For instance, Trauth's team suspects that eastern African lakes may often have sprung up during roughly 20,000-year-long stretches of heavy rainfall.

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