Eastern Cape


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Eastern Cape,

province (2011 pop. 6,562,053), 65,238 sq mi (168,966 sq km), S central South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Eastern Cape was created from the eastern portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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 and the former Xhosa "homelands" of TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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. Eastern Cape is bounded by Free State and Lesotho (N), KwaZulu-Natal (NE), Western Cape (SW), and Northern Cape (NW).

Bhisho is the capital. Port ElizabethPort Elizabeth,
city, now part and seat of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on Algoa Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. It is a tourist center and a major seaport that ships diamonds, wool, fruit, and other items.
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, East LondonEast London,
city, now part and seat of Buffalo City metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. East London grew around a British military post founded in 1847.
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, and UitenhageUitenhage
, town, part of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., S South Africa, on the Zwartkops River. It is an industrial center, with large railroad workshops, wool washeries, textile mills, and motor vehicle assembly plants.
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 are the largest cities. Eastern Cape has a diverse climate, ranging from the semidesert Great Karoo on the west to lush forests on the east. Part of the Drakensberg Range is in the province. A section of coastline stretching from East London to the border of KwaZulu-Natal is an area of rugged beauty known as the Wild Coast.

Much of the population has traditionally relied on subsistence farming, and commercial agriculture now plays an important role in the province's economy; sheep and cattle are raised and fruit, coffee, tea, maize, and sorghum are cultivated. There is fishing, especially for squid, and forestry. Port Elizabeth and East London are important rail hubs and seaports and, along with Uitenhage, have sizable automotive industries. Ecotourism is a growing sector of the economy. The majority of the people speak the Xhosa language.

Eastern Cape

a province of S South Africa; formed in 1994 from the E part of the former Cape Province: service industries, agriculture, and mining. Capital: Bisho. Pop.: 7 088 547 (2004 est.). Area: 169 600 sq. km (65 483 sq. miles).
References in periodicals archive ?
Construction work on the Coega Ridge housing estate project located in the Eastern Cape, South Africa is set to begin in 2018.
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa
The play was born in the North East when director Amy Golding and Live Theatre's Gez Casey were involved with The Swallows Partnership - a project connecting North East and Eastern Cape artists.
Places, particularly in Eastern Cape and Gauteng Provinces, recently have seen an increase in xenophobia attacks on foreigners, including refugees and asylum-seekers.
Zuma had announced that the funeral of the anti-apartheid revolutionary would be held at his ancestral home in the Eastern Cape on 15 December.
Eastern Cape police said the remains would only then be taken to Qunu for reburial.
According to a report launched at the 6th South African AIDS Conference by a coalition consisting of the Rural Health Advocacy Project (RHAP), Doctors Without Borders (MSF), the Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) and SECTION27, 40% of the 70 facilities surveyed by MSF and TAC during May 2013 in the Mthatha catchment area in the Eastern Cape Province had experienced HIV and/or TB drug stock-outs.
The Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency, an agency committed to promoting the Eastern Cape province of South Africa as a tourist destination, selected BoardEffect to facilitate the distribution of board materials.
Business to Business meetings were held with South African Counterparts at Eastern Cape Development Corporation, Port Elizabeth while Nelson Mandela Bay Business Chamber and Eastern Cape Development Corporation also arranged working dinner in honour of Pakistani businessmen.
The tragedy on Saturday happened near Port St John's in the Eastern Cape.
Beadwork is the major traditional craft of South Africa's Eastern Cape and in 2012 the Shipley is hosting an exhibition of some of the beadwork from collections in the Eastern Cape and Tyne and Wear.
The Garden Route stretches from Cape Town to Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape and encompasses some of South Africa's most beautiful beaches, mountains and rivers.

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