Eastern Cape

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Eastern Cape,

province (2011 pop. 6,562,053), 65,238 sq mi (168,966 sq km), S central South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Eastern Cape was created from the eastern portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
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 and the former Xhosa "homelands" of TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
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 and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
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. Eastern Cape is bounded by Free State and Lesotho (N), KwaZulu-Natal (NE), Western Cape (SW), and Northern Cape (NW).

Bhisho is the capital. Port ElizabethPort Elizabeth,
city, now part and seat of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on Algoa Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. It is a tourist center and a major seaport that ships diamonds, wool, fruit, and other items.
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, East LondonEast London,
city, now part and seat of Buffalo City metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. East London grew around a British military post founded in 1847.
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, and UitenhageUitenhage
, town, part of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., S South Africa, on the Zwartkops River. It is an industrial center, with large railroad workshops, wool washeries, textile mills, and motor vehicle assembly plants.
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 are the largest cities. Eastern Cape has a diverse climate, ranging from the semidesert Great Karoo on the west to lush forests on the east. Part of the Drakensberg Range is in the province. A section of coastline stretching from East London to the border of KwaZulu-Natal is an area of rugged beauty known as the Wild Coast.

Much of the population has traditionally relied on subsistence farming, and commercial agriculture now plays an important role in the province's economy; sheep and cattle are raised and fruit, coffee, tea, maize, and sorghum are cultivated. There is fishing, especially for squid, and forestry. Port Elizabeth and East London are important rail hubs and seaports and, along with Uitenhage, have sizable automotive industries. Ecotourism is a growing sector of the economy. The majority of the people speak the Xhosa language.

Eastern Cape

a province of S South Africa; formed in 1994 from the E part of the former Cape Province: service industries, agriculture, and mining. Capital: Bisho. Pop.: 7 088 547 (2004 est.). Area: 169 600 sq. km (65 483 sq. miles).
References in periodicals archive ?
Fanning, 34, was competing in the final heat of a world tour event at Jeffreys Bay in the country's Eastern Cape province on Sunday when a looming black fin approached him from behind at speed.
Conner presents an ethnography and history of farm workers who live in and around the expanded Addo Elephant National Park in a rural farming district just outside the city center of Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
As a result, the Nguni cattle development project in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa has contributed towards the introduction of this breed in many communities thus contributing to poverty alleviation from the benefits of keeping the breed (Mapiye et al.
Later in the week, in the wake of the first moist intrusion of Sunday, Monday and Tuesday, a very prominent trough (low pressure band) developed reaching for more than 2000 km from southern Angola across the Namibian interior, right up to the Eastern Cape Province.
CAPE TOWN (CyHAN)- Scores of shops owned by Pakistani Bangladesh and Chinese nationals have been vandalized and looted in Mthatha, Eastern Cape Province in the latest round of xenophobia attacks in South Africa, police confirmed on Wednesday.
It owns a 74% stake in Elitheni Coal (Pty) Limited, the developer of the Elitheni coal mine in Eastern Cape Province.
After lying in state for three days, Mandela will be moved to his final resting place on Sunday, when he will be buried at his childhood village of Qunu in Eastern Cape Province.
After the ceremony at the base organised by the ruling African National Congress (ANC), which Mandela once led, his body was to be flown to Qunu in Eastern Cape province.
President Jacob Zuma said Mandela would be buried on December 15 at his ancestral home of Qunu in Eastern Cape Province.
As a leader in the Xhosa tribal homeland of Transkei, he made the eastern Cape Province the strongest center of ANC support in the early 1950s.
The oldest Mandela grandson, who is chief of Mandela's birth place Mvezo in the rural Eastern Cape province, has fallen out with relatives after moving the three graves of Mandela's children without consulting the family.
STEVE Biko was born in 1946 in King William's Town in the Eastern Cape province.

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