Eastern Carpathians

Eastern Carpathians


the most extended central part of the Carpathians in Rumania, the USSR (Ukrainian SSR), Czechoslovakia, and Poland, situated between the Tylicz Pass in the north and the Predeal Pass in the south. Length, approximately 750 km; maximum altitude, 2,305 m (Mt. Pietrosu in the Rodnei Massif).

The Eastern Carpathians are composed for the most part of sand-clay strata of Cretaceous, Paleogene, and partially Neocene ages (flysch); located in the axial zone of the range are Precambrian crystalline schists and quartzites; in the west are massifs of crystalline rock (Rodnei) and volcanic Neocene rock (Harghita C&acaron;limani, and others). These mountains have deposits of manganese ore, zinc, lead, copper, rock salt, and, in the eastern foothills, petroleum and natural gas. The Eastern Carpathians are divided by broad, deep valleys into a number of mountain ranges and massifs (Maramure§ului, Gorgany, Cerna Hora, Beskydy, Rodnei, Calimani, Vrancei, Tirgu, and others). At an altitude of more than 2,000 m there are traces of glaciation. The greater part of these mountains is covered with mixed and coniferous forests (beech, spruce, fir, and pine); in the lower zone are beech forests. The mountain meadows of the upper zone (or poloniny, as they are called locally) are utilized as summer pastures.


References in periodicals archive ?
So far it includes Western Iberia at the border of Spain and Portugal, the Central Apennines in Italy, the Danube Delta and the Southern Carpathians in Romania, the Eastern Carpathians A in the triangle where Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine meet, and the Velebit Mountain in Croatia.
The project s area covers the central and southern parts of the Eastern Carpathians, including 18 Natura 2000 network sites in which the wolf is protected.
Among the topics are craniodental variability in modern and fossil Plains zebra from East and southern Africa, palaeo-ethology as an archaeological tool, late fourth and third millennium sites in northern Syria, body conformations in unimproved horses in the eastern Carpathians, and horse burials in royal and common Macedonian tombs.

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