Eastern Cape

(redirected from Eastern Province)
Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

Eastern Cape,

province (2011 pop. 6,562,053), 65,238 sq mi (168,966 sq km), S central South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. In 1994, under South Africa's post-apartheid constitution, Eastern Cape was created from the eastern portion of the former Cape ProvinceCape Province,
former province, S South Africa. Under the South African constitution of 1994 it was divided into Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Northern Cape, and part of a fourth province, North West.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and the former Xhosa "homelands" of TranskeiTranskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, E South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Transkei was bounded by the Great Kei River on the south, by the Indian Ocean on the east, by Natal (now Kwazulu-Natal) on the north, and by Lesotho on the northwest.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and CiskeiCiskei
, former black "homeland" and nominal republic, SE South Africa, in what is now Eastern Cape prov. Surrounded by the former Cape Province of South Africa, it consisted of two parcels of land, the larger one bordering the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Eastern Cape is bounded by Free State and Lesotho (N), KwaZulu-Natal (NE), Western Cape (SW), and Northern Cape (NW).

Bhisho is the capital. Port ElizabethPort Elizabeth,
city, now part and seat of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on Algoa Bay, an arm of the Indian Ocean. It is a tourist center and a major seaport that ships diamonds, wool, fruit, and other items.
..... Click the link for more information.
, East LondonEast London,
city, now part and seat of Buffalo City metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., SE South Africa, on the Indian Ocean. East London grew around a British military post founded in 1847.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and UitenhageUitenhage
, town, part of Nelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality, Eastern Cape prov., S South Africa, on the Zwartkops River. It is an industrial center, with large railroad workshops, wool washeries, textile mills, and motor vehicle assembly plants.
..... Click the link for more information.
 are the largest cities. Eastern Cape has a diverse climate, ranging from the semidesert Great Karoo on the west to lush forests on the east. Part of the Drakensberg Range is in the province. A section of coastline stretching from East London to the border of KwaZulu-Natal is an area of rugged beauty known as the Wild Coast.

Much of the population has traditionally relied on subsistence farming, and commercial agriculture now plays an important role in the province's economy; sheep and cattle are raised and fruit, coffee, tea, maize, and sorghum are cultivated. There is fishing, especially for squid, and forestry. Port Elizabeth and East London are important rail hubs and seaports and, along with Uitenhage, have sizable automotive industries. Ecotourism is a growing sector of the economy. The majority of the people speak the Xhosa language.

Eastern Cape

a province of S South Africa; formed in 1994 from the E part of the former Cape Province: service industries, agriculture, and mining. Capital: Bisho. Pop.: 7 088 547 (2004 est.). Area: 169 600 sq. km (65 483 sq. miles).
Full browser ?