Eastern Rumelia


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Eastern Rumelia:

see RumeliaRumelia
or Roumelia
, region of S Bulgaria, between the Balkan and Rhodope mts. Historically, Rumelia denoted the Balkan possessions (particularly Thrace and Macedonia, and excluding Bosnia) of the Ottoman Empire.
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Rumelia, Eastern

 

(Bulgarian, Iztochna Rumeliia), an autonomous province, with Plovdiv as its principal city, which was included in the Ottoman Empire. Established on the territory of Southern Bulgaria by the decision of the Berlin Congress of 1878.

Eastern Rumelia was under the authority of the Turkish sultan, who with the agreement of the great powers appointed a governor-general for a term of five years (A. Bogoridi until 1884 and then G. Krustevich). The internal organization of Eastern Rumelia was determined by the Organic Statute, which was worked out by an international commission. As a result of a national liberation uprising on Sept. 6 (18), 1885, Eastern Rumelia was joined to the Principality of Bulgaria. At the beginning of February 1886, Turkey gave de facto recognition to the uniting of Bulgaria by ap-pointing the Bulgarian prince as governor-general of Eastern Rumelia.

REFERENCES

Statut organique de la Roumélie Orientate. Pera [Istanbul], 1879.
Madzharovu, M. Iztochna Rumeliia. Sofia, 1925.
References in periodicals archive ?
After negotiations, which had been provoked by the British diplomacy at the beginning of 1886, the sultan accepted to name Alexander von Battenberg the governor of Eastern Rumelia, which remained formally under the Sublime Porte's suzerainty.
March 3 for its part is the date of the Treaty of San Stefano, signed after the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War which gave birth to a much larger Bulgaria but which also stationed Russian troops on its territory and was followed by another treaty splitting the nation into the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia.
The first ever census in Bulgaria was conducted in 1880 in the Principality of Bulgaria and in 1884 in Eastern Rumelia, the two administratively autonomous provinces in the Ottoman Empire under the Treaty of Berlin in 1878.
The first ever census in Bulgaria was performed in 1880 in the Principality of Bulgaria and in 1884 in Eastern Rumelia, the two administratively autonomous provinces in the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Berlin in 1878.

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