Ebionites

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Related to Ebionism: Ebionite, Docetism, Arianism, Montanism

Ebionites

(ē`bēənīts', ĕb`ē–) [Aramaic,=poor], Jewish-Christian sect of rural ancient Palestine, of the first centuries after Jesus. There were two groups, according to Origen. The Judaic Ebionites held closely to Mosaic law and regarded Jesus as a miracle-working prophet and St. Paul as an apostate. Gnostic Ebionites believed Christ to be a spirit, invisible to men, giving him the title "Prophet of the Truth."

Bibliography

See H. J. Schoeps, Jewish Christianity (1969).

Ebionites

2nd- and 3rd-century Christian ascetic sect that retained a Jewish emphasis. [Christian Hist.: EB, III: 768]
References in periodicals archive ?
Ebionism was a Jewish Christian movement in the first centuries after Christ that regarded Jesus as the Messiah, but rejected his divinity and insisted on following Jewish law and rites.
A careful reading of Schwenckfeld's polemic shows, however, that it was not Glaidt's lost Sabbath book that expanded on the millenium; rather, it was Schwenckfeld himself who argued that Sabbath observance is falling back into Ebionism: Ebionism includes christological heresy and chiliasm; ergo, one must reject Sabbath observance.