Ecclesiastical Law


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Ecclesiastical Law

 

the aggregate of rules, sanctioned or established by the state, that regulate the internal organization of the church and the relations between church organizations, believers, and the state. In countries where the church is separate from the state, ecclesiastical law does not exist, and the rules of internal church relationships have no legal character (seeCHURCH AND STATE, SEPARATION OF).

Until the October Revolution of 1917, church organizations had their own jurisdiction, both as regards family relations and with respect to certain other areas. Thus, the Russian Orthodox Church had the right to rule on conflicts between members of the Orthodox clergy concerning rights of ownership of church property and to conduct criminal proceedings against the clergy and laity accused of those criminal and lesser offenses subject to an ecclesiastical penance. Proceedings concerning criminal and lesser offenses committed by members of the clergy “contrary to their office, decorum, or moral behavior” were also relegated to the jurisdiction of the Church.

On Jan. 20 (Feb. 2), 1918, the Council of People’s Commissars passed a decree separating the church from the state and the schools from the church. Internal church affairs of the Russian Orthodox Church are subject to the Regulations for the Governance of the Russian Orthodox Church, adopted by the local council in 1945.

P. S. GRATSIANSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Even without disclosing his identity, Boccaccio is, however, present as an ecclesiastical law student from the very first chapter of the Filocolo.
Or are the applications of ecclesiastical law to Little Red Riding Hood and her grandmother any more out of place than their automatic application to the members of an abused family?
The medieval canonists, in a classic fit of legal double-talk, defined the church as a corporate person whose legal authority resided ultimately in the Catholic people but was exercised by officeholders chosen according to the norms of divine and ecclesiastical law - law that was defined, of course, by the officeholders themselves.
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She is a member of the Charity Law Association, Ecclesiastical Law Association and the Society of Trust and Estate Practitioners.
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The church combined Germanic tribal law and Roman civil law into the ecclesiastical law of marriage, still reflected in our modern canon law.
In another new area of expertise, Philip Wills, former in-house legal advisor to the Diocese of Durham, has added ecclesiastical law to the firm's services.
A FORMER in-house legal advisor to the Diocese of Durham is also bringing a new specialism to BHP Philip Wills is an expert in Anglican ecclesiastical law having worked for the Diocese for almost 30 years.
Although the city councilors were the primary urban elite group that controlled the appointment and promotion of the clergy, chapter 4 shows that they were subject to the periodic intervention of the Saxon Elector in Dresden and the territorial consistories that were the ultimate determiners of ecclesiastical law.
Liverpool-born Stephen also practises ecclesiastical law and served as deputy registrar for the diocese of Birmingham.