Échevin

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Échevin

 

a type of judicial and administrative official in the northern cities of feudal France. Depending on the degree of autonomy enjoyed by a given city, its échevins were either appointed by the seigneur or elected by the citizens; the elections were sometimes rigged, however. As a rule, the council of échevins was composed of members of the patriciate, headed by important merchants.

The functions of the échevins varied from place to place. In some cities, they managed trade, set prices for goods, and supervised the markets, and in some cities they had the additional duty of collecting city taxes. In other places, however, their functions were strictly judicial.

The institution of the échevins was abolished during the French Revolution by a decree dated Dec. 14, 1789.

References in classic literature ?
These illustrious ladies appeared so lovely on the sign, -- they presented to the astonished eyes such an assemblage of lilies and roses, the enchanting result of the change of style in Pittrino -- they assumed the poses of sirens so Anacreontically -- that the principal echevin, when admitted to view this capital piece in the salle of Cropole, at once declared that these ladies were too handsome, of too animated a beauty, to figure as a sign in the eyes of passers-by.
It was necessary to thank the echevin for his kindness, which Cropole did.
He composed the sign of six physicians, with the legend; the echevin applauded and authorized it.
Burleyson, Matt Wilbanks, Matt Wyant, Vincent Echevin, and Alice Pietri for their contributions to the manuscript.
Ainsi, certains militants ouvriers, comme le platrier Michael Quigley, sont a la fois membre du conseil d'administration du Quebec Mechanics' Institute (1832-38), promoteur du Conseil des metiers de Quebec (1834) et organisateur d'assemblees patriotes (1837) (28); d'autres, comme le typographe Joseph Savard, sont tour a tour cofondateurs de la Societe typographique de Quebec (1836), instigateur du theatre ouvrier a Quebec (1839) et echevin du quartier Saint-Jean (1844-45) (29).
Merton, Echevin des travaux publics sur la renovation des anciens quartiers de Bruxelles, n.
Il jouit d'une certaine reconnaissance sociale : il est marguillier, puis echevin et president de l'Association nationale.
This model is similar in form to that of Buffeteau and Echevin (2003).
219 (1997) (study of the United States); Damien Echevin, L'individualisation de l'impot sur le revenue: equitable ou pas?
It says this is justified given that EU officials can vote and be elected to a communal authority in Brussels and can even be appointed echevin (a minister in local government) for finance, whereby they set the communal tax rate without having to pay it themselves.
Alvarez, Ruben y Echevin Claude (2001) Administrar la Universidad.
He acquitted himself handsomely that day of all the charges that his position of first echevin (mayor) of Caen required of him.