CE is caused by the contagious ecthyma
virus (also known as orf virus and Parapoxvirus ovis) in the Poxviridae family and Parapoxvirus genus (which also includes the milker's nodule virus (pseudocowpox) and bovine papular stomatitis virus).
Most patients with ecthyma
gangrenosum are bacteremic, but there have been reports of inoculation with pseudomonas breakthrough in the skin, said Dr.
outbreaks occur more frequently during period of extreme temperature such as late summer and winter.
Confusing clinical signs in sheep underline the need for developing diagnostic tests to discriminate between bluetongue and other confounding diseases such as contagious ecthyma
, border disease, and foot-and-mouth disease.
Klebsiella pneumoniae urinary tract infection complicated by endophthalmitis, perinephric abscess, and ecthyma
Other local complications are Lymphadenitis, Thrombophlebitis, (47) Ecthyma
gangrenosum & gas gangrene.
The differential diagnosis of cutaneous anthrax includes brown recluse spider bite, ecthyma
, ulceroglandular tularemia, accidental vaccinia, and necrotic herpes simplex.
Bacterial folliculitis (17%) was the most common presentation followed by furuncle (5%), abscess (2%), and 1% each of carbuncle, cellulitis, leprosy, chancroid, chancre, ecthyma
Molluscum contagiosum mimicking sebaceous nevus of Jadassohn, ecthyma
, and giant condyloma accuminata in HIV infected patients.
Seven lambs died of "other" causes (chronic peritonitis/contagious ecthyma
, reticulorumenitis, septicemia, trauma, perforated ulcers, unknown; Table 1).
The other diagnoses were folliculitis in 10 patients, furuncle in 8 patients and ecthyma
in 2 patients (Table 3).
8-12) The clinical presentation consists of a single, painful area of cellulitis, which often progress into ecthyma