Edessa


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Edessa

(ĭdĕs`ə), ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Şanlıurfa Turkey. It emerged in the 4th cent. B.C. as Orrhoe, or Arrhoe, and was later named Edessa by Seleucus I of Syria. From c.137 B.C. it was the capital of the independent kingdom of Osroene. It later became a Roman city. There in A.D. 260, Shapur I of Persia defeated Emperor Valerian and took him prisoner. Edessa was a center of Christianity by the 3d cent. A.D. and became one of the major religious centers of the Byzantine Empire. The city fell to the Arabs in 639 and remained in Muslim hands until captured by the Crusaders in 1098. Baldwin (later Baldwin I of Jerusalem) became the ruler of Edessa, and when he became king, he turned it over to one of his cousins. The city, however, fell to the Muslims in 1144 and passed to the Ottoman Empire by 1637.

Edessa

1. an ancient city on the N edge of the Syrian plateau, founded as a Macedonian colony by Seleucus I: a centre of early Christianity
2. a market town in Greece: ancient capital of Macedonia. Pop.: 15 980 (latest est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
19) In the East Syrian school tradition dating back to Edessa and Nisibis, this symbiosis included the texts of Theodore of Mopsuestia and then Narsai.
Efeitos da temperatura no desenvolvimento e reproducao de Edessa meditabunda (Fabricius, 1794) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae).
BEDDING: Truffle satin and jet black flock combine in Edessa design bedlinen from the Kylie Minogue At Home collection, from PS75 for a double duvet cover, from Ashley Wilde (www.
In the Asian side, Parisians represent a stumble block for the empire by the frequent attacks against the Romanian territories, and these so severe and robust that the king Sassanid Sabor I was able to capture the Romanian emperor Valerian in the battle of Edessa in 260AD.
MAKE A STATEMENT The elegant Edessa bedlinen collection is from the Kylie Minogue At Home range of unusual and stunningly stylish bed linen.
Asher double bedstead pounds 375 with Kylie Edessa throw pounds 130 (www.
First, the Fathers at Constantinople II, under constant prodding by Emperor Justinian (483-565), quickly condemned Theodore, Theodoret's anti-Cyrillan writings, and the so-called "letter of Ibas," bishop of Edessa.
Objects include rare loans from the Vatican's Sancta Sanctorum, the Mandylion of Edessa, and the British Museum's bejewelled Holy Thorn reliquary, reminding us that this unique material history is both a proclamation of political power and an expression of Christian faith.
The History of the Great Deeds of Bishop Paul Qentos and Priest John of Edessa.
Ramiro, who works on the crossing of Edessa Street and Macapagal Street in Pasay City, has become a cult figure among traffic police in the area, and fans say the way he waves his hands and rotates his body is pure art.
One takes up the ill-advised decision of the (Christian) Armenian King Thoros of Edessa, who, being without an heir of his own, adopted the Frankish warlord Baldwin as his son, to rule over Armenia after his death.
The Arabic king, Abgar the Great, is credited with making Edessa the spiritual capital of the Semite Christian Orient, just as Antioch had been established as its counterpart for the Greco-Roman Orient.