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a decree, order, or ordinance issued by a sovereign, state, or any other holder of authority



(Russian, ukaz), in most modern states, an order of the head of state. In its legal content it may be normative—that is, it may establish a new legal norm—or nonnormative, for example, an edict assigning a person to a post or awarding a decoration.

In the USSR, in accordance with the Constitution of the USSR and the constitutions of the Union and autonomous republics, edicts are issued by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR or by the presidia of the supreme soviets of the Union and autonomous republics. Edicts of a normative character, as well as edicts appointing or dismissing officials and members of government, are subject to approval by the appropriate supreme soviet at a regular session. Edicts of a general normative character enter into force throughout the USSR ten days after their publication in lzvestiia or in Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR (Bulletin of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR), unless another period is specified in the edict. Edicts of a nonnormative character take effect from the moment of their publication unless another time is established by the edict.

Various terms are used in modern bourgeois states to refer to the concept of edict—for example, decret (French), Verordnung (German), and “order” (English).



(1) In Roman law, an authoritative order or statement issued by a magistrate, especially a praetor, upon assumption of office to present his program. The edict remained in force throughout the magistrate’s term. In practice, the basic legal provisions of the praetorian edict were recopied from year to year and thus took on a general normative character. In the second century A.D., the Roman jurist Salvius Julianus drew up the final text of the praetorian edict.

(2) In the Roman Empire and a number of the medieval monarchies of Western Europe, a type of law issued by the emperor or sovereign. An example of such an edict is the Edict of Nantes, which was issued in 1598 in France.

References in periodicals archive ?
The edict comes after a chain of decisions that are new to the conservative kingdom.
He also issued another edict amending provisions of the law determining salaries and benefits and prescribing conditions for their entitlement for employees who are subject to the Civil Service Law.
Ass Curse Images on Buddhist Rock Edicts and Copper-plate Inscriptions
He accomplished the task through a series of edicts inscribed on rocks and pillars all over the empire.
The second edict deals with naming the relevant administrative body and the minister for societies, places of accommodations, cultural and social clubs for foreign communities which are established by private authorities and companies, as well as the private institutions including defining their scopes.
IV) Scripts (tehreer):Excluding the Major Rock Edict - VII, composed in Kharoshti, popularly read by the Central Asian inhabitants, remaining i.
This has led to a debate as to who can or should be able to issue a fatwa amid an increase in the number of unconventional edicts that have confused, and at times incited Muslims.
A dissident Saudi cleric said yesterday that a religious edict he made denouncing Muslims who support US-led strikes on Afghanistan as 'infidels' echoed popular sentiment in the Islamic world.
THE Bangladesh High Court has ruled that fatwas (religious edicts issued by Muslim clergy) are illegal.
The Catholic church's adamant refusal to revise the edicts of Humanae Vitae is comprehensible only when we realize and accept that the church's dogma of infallibility must be preserved at any cost to preserve the institution of the papacy.
6 (BNA): His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa issued four edicts today appointing 19 directors at the Interior Ministry and governorates.
Seen in this light, the religious edict of 1788 and others of Woellner's edicts were perfectly in harmony with the Prussian Enlightenment, as their limits on religion by the state flattered the social distinction that the "enlightened" had acquired for themselves.