Liskun, Efim Fedotovich
Born Oct. 14 (26), 1873, in the village of Ataki, Khotin Raion, Chernovtsy Oblast; died Apr. 19, 1958, in Moscow. Soviet scientist in animal breeding; Academician of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (1934).
Liskun graduated from the Moscow Agricultural Institute in 1900. He was appointed a professor at the Stebutov Courses in 1906, at the Forest Institute in Petrograd in 1918, and at the K. A. Timiriazev Moscow Agricultural Academy in 1923. He was a founder of Soviet zootechnical science. His principal works were devoted to studying and perfecting Soviet breeds of farm animals.
Liskun showed that the qualities of a breed change with the conditions of maintenance and feeding. His experiments in 1936 in a number of Moscow Oblast kolkhozes showed the possibility of doubling or tripling the milk yield of cows. He made detailed descriptions of local breeds of cattle of the USSR and worked out a system of craniological investigation. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR in 1943, four Orders of Lenin, four other orders, and several medals.
WORKSObshchee zhivotnovodstvo. Moscow, 1935.
Osnovy zhivotnovodstva. Moscow, 1943.
Izbrannye trudy. Moscow, 1961.