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(both: yĭkä'tĭrēmbo͝ork`), formerly


(svyĭrdlôfsk`), city (1989 pop. 1,365,000), capital of the Sverdlovsk region and the administrative center of the Ural federal district, E European Russia, in the eastern foothills of the central Urals, on the Iset River. One of the largest cities of the Urals, it is an air and rail junction (a western terminus of the Trans-Siberian RRTrans-Siberian Railroad,
rail line, linking European Russia with the Pacific coast. Its construction began in 1891, on the initiative of Count S. Y. Witte, and was completed in 1905.
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) and a leading industrial, scientific, and cultural center. Yekaterinburg is among Russia's leading producers of turbines and ball bearings. Other industries include metallurgy, gem cutting, and the manufacture of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and tires. The city's educational and cultural institutions include the Urals branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Urals Law Institute, several mining schools, and a meteorological observatory.

Sverdlovsk began as a fort and metallurgical factory built in 1721 on the site of an earlier settlement. In 1723 the city was named Yekaterinburg in honor of Peter I's wife, who became Empress Catherine I. The first ironworks were established in 1726, and the city developed steadily as an administrative center for the mining towns of the Urals and Siberia. Its importance was enhanced by the building of the Great Siberian Highway through the city in 1783, but even more so by the construction of the Trans-Siberian RR in the 19th cent. Czar Nicholas and his family were imprisoned and shot by the Bolsheviks at Yekaterinburg in 1918. The city was renamed in 1924 for the Communist leader Y. M. Sverdlov. The transfer of much Soviet industry from European USSR to the less vulnerable Urals during World War II further stimulated the growth of Sverdlovsk. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the name of Yekaterinburg was restored to the city.


, Ekaterinburg
a city in NW Russia, in the Ural Mountains: scene of the execution (1918) of Nicholas II and his family; university (1920); one of the largest centres of heavy engineering in Russia. Pop.: 1 281 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After years of drinking alcohol, on April 3, my addiction finally caught up with me during a five-hour flight from Ekaterinburg, Russia to Bahrain via Dubai, during which I consumed five or six glasses of wine," he said in a statement.
Overseas partnerships VIP guest Tatyana Domilovskaya, commercial officer from the British Consulate General, Ekaterinburg, Russia, will be promoting international networks between Britain and Russia at the exhibition, in conjunction with Paula James, chief executive of Knowsley Chamber of Commerce.
CEL-SCI Corporation (NYSE AMEX: CVM) announced today that it has commenced its global Phase III clinical trial for Multikine([R]), the Company's flagship immunotherapy, in Russia at the State Budgetary Healthcare Institution of Sverdlovsk Region - Sverdlovsk Regional Oncology Center in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
InfiNet wireless has opened a new state-of-the-art production facility in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
The signing of the contract took place during a ceremony at the international industry trade fair INNOPROM-2015 in Ekaterinburg, Russia, in the presence of the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev and FLSmidth's group CEO Thomas Schulz.
Other cities competing to host the Expo 2020 include Sao Paulo, Brazil; Ayatthaya, Thailand; Izmir, Turkey, and Ekaterinburg, Russia.
CEL-SCI Corporation (NYSE AMEX:CVM) revealed on Thursday that it has started its global Phase III clinical trial for its flagship immunotherapy Multikine in Russia at the State Budgetary Healthcare Institution of Sverdlovsk Region - Sverdlovsk Regional Oncology Centre in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
He is also founder and artistic director of the American Jazz Dance Festival--New Generation in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
com in partnership with i-Jet Media, a leading social games publisher and distribution network, headquartered in Ekaterinburg, Russia.
Hyatt Regency Ekaterinburg 8, Borisa Yeltsina Street Ekaterinburg, Russia 620014 +7 343 253 1234 http://ekaterinburg.