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a genus of deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Elaeagnaceae. The flowers are bisexual or unisexual, often four-parted, and fragrant; they are solitary or in groups of two or three in the axils. The fruit is drupaceous, mealy, and usually edible. There are more than 50 species, distributed in Asia, Southern Europe, North America, and Australia. Five species are found in the USSR, growing wild in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. Oleaster, or Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolid), a low, spiny tree with silvery elliptic leaves that sometimes grows wild, is cultivated as an ornamental, as is the hardiest North American species E. argentea. In the south, local varieties with large edible fruits are cultivated. These plants, which are used in landscaping and as a windbreak for fields, are valued for their fruit, medicinal substances, resins, tannins, and essential oils. They produce good lumber and are rich in nectar.


Iakovlev-Sibiriak, I. I. Oblepikha i lokh, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1954.
Kozlovskaia, N. V. “Obzor vidov roda Elaeagnus L, vstrechaiushchikhsia na territorii SSSR.” In Trudy Botanicheskogo Instituta AN SSSR, series 1, 1958, issue 12.


References in periodicals archive ?
Paschke MW, Dawson JO, David MB (1989) Soil nitrogen mineralization in plantations of Juglans nigra interplanted with actinorhizal Elaeagnus umbellata or Alnus glutinosa.
Study on the different dosages of Elaeagnus angustifolia aqueous extract with and without morphine on the antinociceptive rate in mice.
In vivo evaluation of the antiasthmatic, antitussive and expectorant activities of extract and fractions from Elaeagnus pungens leaf.
From the exotic species that had started to spread on the semicoke dumps, Elaeagnus commutata and Hippophae rhamnoides suppressed almost all other plant species in areas where they dominated.
fragilis; namely, Pyrus salicifolia (Rosaceae) and Elaeagnus angustifolia (Elaeagnaceae).
Elaeagnus 'Limelight', 'Gilt Edge' or pungens 'Maculata' are gold variegated evergreens that will do a magic job of lighting up the garden.
The groom hand-cut the hickory logs that held half-gallon Mason jars filled with colorful floral arrangements of hydrangeas and wildflowers next to each antique church pew, and the ceremonial tent was decorated with heavy garlands of Elaeagnus and twinkling white lights.
Elaeagnus makes a great barrier plant for exposed conditions and is an attractive plant for the garden, especially 'Quicksilver' with its striking silvery metallic leaves and fragrant yellow flowers in summer.
Marian Evans, by email - Marian Evans, by email AYOUR best bet is Elaeagnus ebbingei, which is tough, windproof and very attractive.
Marian Evans, by email - Marian Evans, by email AYOUR AYOUR best bet is Elaeagnus ebbingei, which is tough, windproof and very attractive.