Elateridae


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Related to Elateridae: click beetle, snapping beetle

Elateridae

[‚el·ə′ter·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The click beetles, a large family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Elateroidea; many have light-producing organs.

Elateridae

 

(click beetles), a family of beetles. The body is elongated and the short legs have tarsi with five segments. The body ranges in length from 2 mm to 50 mm, although it most commonly measures 7–20 mm. The antennae have 11–12 segments and are serrated or pectinate, rarely filiform. The prothorax has a process that is directed back into a special cavity in the mesothorax. With the aid of this mechanism beetles that fall on their backs are able to turn over by jumping up with a clicking noise. The wings are usually well developed.

The family embraces approximately 10,000 species, more than 500 of which are found in the USSR. The ubiquitous insects live on plants, on which they feed. The larvae, which are called wire-worms, develop in the soil and in rotting wood and feed on disintegrating plant remains, living roots, or the larvae of other insects. The larvae of Agrietes, Selatosomus, and other genera are agricultural pests, harming germinating seeds or gnawing into the tillering crown of cereal grasses until the plant weakens and dies. They are also harmful to forest plantings.

REFERENCES

Cherepanov, A. I. Zhuki-shchelkuny Zapadnoi Sibiri. Novosibirsk, 1957.
Vrediteli sel’skokhoziaistvennykh kul’tur i lesnykh nasazhdenii, vol. 1. Kiev, 1973.

O. L. KRYZHANOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Elateridae and Aphididae were more active at night, while some taxa, i.
Includes Acanaloniidae, Asilidae, Bruchidae, Carabidae, Cerambycidae, Cicindelidae, Elateridae, Miridae, Myrmeleontidae, Nabidae, Pentatomidae, Psyllidae, Rhopalidae, Scutellaridae and unidentified insect parts.
Coleoptera Curculionidae Conotrachelus elegams Coleoptera Curculionidae Conotrachelus posticatus Coleoptera Curculionidae Cyrtepistonums castaneus Coleoptera Curculionidae Dryophthorus americanus Coleoptera Curculionidae Odontopus calceatus Coleoptera Elateridae Hemicrepidus memmonius Coleoptera Elateridae Melamotus sp.
Visual Ecology of Bioluminescent Beetles: Visual spectral mechanisms and the colors of optical signaling in Coleoptera, Elateroidea: Lampyridae, Elateridae and Phengodidae, pp201-228 In V.
B Elateridae Anchastus asper LeConte Neotrichophorus carolinensis Schaeffer Lycidae Calochromus perfacetus (Say) Lycus lateralis 3 Melsheimer Plateros 2 flavoscutellatus Blatchley Lampyridae Pyractonema angulata (Say) Cantharidae Chauliognathus 17 marginatus (Fabricius) Polemius laticornis Say Tytthonyx flavicollis Blatchley Dermestidae Attagenus fasciatus 1 (Thunberg) Cryptorhopalum 5 focale Beal Cryptorhopalum ruficorne LeConte Cleridae Enoclerus lunatus 2 (Klug) Melyridae Attalus 3 circumscriptus Say Attalus sp.