Elateridae


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Related to Elateridae: click beetle, snapping beetle

Elateridae

[‚el·ə′ter·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
The click beetles, a large family of coleopteran insects in the superfamily Elateroidea; many have light-producing organs.

Elateridae

 

(click beetles), a family of beetles. The body is elongated and the short legs have tarsi with five segments. The body ranges in length from 2 mm to 50 mm, although it most commonly measures 7–20 mm. The antennae have 11–12 segments and are serrated or pectinate, rarely filiform. The prothorax has a process that is directed back into a special cavity in the mesothorax. With the aid of this mechanism beetles that fall on their backs are able to turn over by jumping up with a clicking noise. The wings are usually well developed.

The family embraces approximately 10,000 species, more than 500 of which are found in the USSR. The ubiquitous insects live on plants, on which they feed. The larvae, which are called wire-worms, develop in the soil and in rotting wood and feed on disintegrating plant remains, living roots, or the larvae of other insects. The larvae of Agrietes, Selatosomus, and other genera are agricultural pests, harming germinating seeds or gnawing into the tillering crown of cereal grasses until the plant weakens and dies. They are also harmful to forest plantings.

REFERENCES

Cherepanov, A. I. Zhuki-shchelkuny Zapadnoi Sibiri. Novosibirsk, 1957.
Vrediteli sel’skokhoziaistvennykh kul’tur i lesnykh nasazhdenii, vol. 1. Kiev, 1973.

O. L. KRYZHANOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Otras tres familias de coleopteros se destacaron por su abundancia, siendo las mas notables Scarabaeidae, con 922 ejemplares, Tenebrionidae, con 837 y en tercer lugar Elateridae con 561.
Woodpeckers also target click beetles of the Family Elateridae.
9 Chrysomelidae 26 Curculionidae 35 Apionidae 5 Tenebrionidae 12 Scarabeidae 8 Caraboidae 18 Staphylinidae 2 Elateridae 2 Nitidulidae 2 Dermestidae 2 Buprestidae 1 Hymenoptera F.
Inventario de Elateridae (Coleoptera) de Vila Dois Rios, Ilha Grande, Angra Dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro.
In contrast larvae of Carabidae (Order Coleoptera) and Lepidoptera, Elateridae (Order Coleoptera), and Cercopidae (Order Hemiptera) were each only identified in a single sample.
Visitantes Areas RGFC FLONA 61 h 13 h Diptera 36 (0,59/h) 15 (1,15/h) Syrphidae 16 2 Bibionidae 13 9 Drosophilidae 5 4 Culicidade 1 Tachinidae 1 Simuloidea Coleoptera 14 (0,23/h) 28 (2,15/h) Curculionidae 10 20 Cantharidae 2 Elateridae 2 7 Califoridae 1 Hymenoptera 61 (1,00/h) 1 (0,08/h) Apidae 23 Trigona spinipes 13 Plebeia sp.
3 6 Elateridae 8 100 2 - - - Anobiidae - - - 7 100 1 Erotylidae 3 75 1 1 25 1 Hydrophilidae 3 100 1 - - - Bostrichidae - - - 3 100 1 Mordellidae - - - 2 100 1 Melyridae - - - 1 100 1 Ptiliidae - - - 1 100 1 Total 1,421 29.
Poucos insetos pragas foram relatados atacando a batata-doce, destacandose especies de Coleoptera das familias Chrysomelidae, Dasytidae, Elateridae e Lagriidae e de Lepidoptera das familias Arctiidae e Noctuidae (Goncalves, 1997; Franca et al.
Las familias Elateridae, Stratiomyidae y la especie Periplaneta americana mostraron su mayor abundancia en el rango 1.
3 Coleoptera Chrysomelidae Chrysomelidae 1 4 Coleoptera Chrysomelidae Chrysomelidae 2 5 Coleoptera Coccinelidae Coccinelidae 1 6 Coleoptera Coccinelidae Coccinelidae 2 7 Coleoptera Elateridae Elateridae sp.
Coleoptera Curculionidae Conotrachelus elegams Coleoptera Curculionidae Conotrachelus posticatus Coleoptera Curculionidae Cyrtepistonums castaneus Coleoptera Curculionidae Dryophthorus americanus Coleoptera Curculionidae Odontopus calceatus Coleoptera Elateridae Hemicrepidus memmonius Coleoptera Elateridae Melamotus sp.