Elburz

Elburz

(ĕlbo͝orz`), mountain range, N Iran, between the Caspian Sea and the central Iranian plateau; rises to 18,606 ft (5,671 m) at Mt. Damavand. The range consists of steep, narrow, parallel ridges crossed only by the Safid Rud, whose valley forms the main trans-Elburz route. The northern slopes of the Elburz are rainy and forested; the southern slope is semiarid. Snowcapped water peaks provide seasonal meltwater, which is used for irrigation and industry.

Elburz

 

mountains in northern Iran, on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. The Elburz lies adjacent to the Talish Mountains in the west and the Neyshabur Mountains in the east, forming the northern border of the Iran Plateau. The mountains extend approximately 900 km and consist of several parallel ranges. They vary in elevation from 2,000 m to 3,500 m and are composed mainly of limestones and sandstones. The volcano Demavend, rising 5,604 m, is Iran’s highest point. It is composed of andesitic lavas and is topped by glaciers.

The ravine of the Safid River cuts through the entire Elburz. The northern slopes, which receive 2,000 mm of precipitation a year, contain broad-leaved Hyrcanian forests that include oak, acacias, and hackberry, as well as mountain steppes and meadows. On the southern, drier slopes are thorny, xerophytic shrubs. There are deposits of coal and lead-zinc ore.

References in periodicals archive ?
WARREN PAGE HUNTED this heavy-horned Persian ibex in the Elburz range in northern Iran close to the Russian border.
In the Persian Elburz Mountains, they came across a young boy carrying a hessian sack that appeared to be wriggling (Ivell and Baczor, 2013).
Qazvin is one of the oldest cities in Iran, rich in both cultural and natural features, situated within the Elburz mountain range.
According to legend, Count Henry of Champagne, returning in 1194 to the crusader kingdom of Out-remer from a military expedition to Armenia, stopped to visit the famous castle Alamut in the Elburz Mountains in what is now northwestern Iran.
The southern and southwestern coasts of the sea are bordered by the Elburz and Caucasus Mountains, respectively.
It took a day or two to get used to the air, as Tehran is tucked into the slopes of the Elburz Mountains, and the smog from the multitude of small, boxy cars running on propane tends to sit heavily over the city.
The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Elburz to the north.
The Elburz Mountains south of the Caspian Sea in Iran's north have served as a similar barrier to external invasion, though, from time to time, a northern aggressor--the I(hazars from the mouth of the Volga in the 8th century CE and the Georgians under Queen Tamara in the 12th century, for example--has been able to effect at least a limited penetration.
The journey took us through the Elburz mountains, east to Mashhad, the Shia holy city, and on through Afghanistan.