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the chairman and civic head of a municipal corporation in many countries



the highest official in the municipalities of the USA, Great Britain, France, and a number of other bourgeois states. As a rule, mayors are elected by the municipal government and sometimes directly by the people. In some countries they are appointed or confirmed by the central government.

The mayor represents the municipal government and presides over its sessions. In France and some other states, the mayor, as an agent of the central government, heads the municipal administration. The mayor is responsible for the preparation and implementation of the municipal budget. He appoints individuals to numerous municipal posts and directs the work of the municipal bureaucracy. Certain powers, such as the registration of civil acts, are exercised by the mayor as a representative of the central authority.

In Great Britain and in some US cities mayors basically perform the functions of representatives and chairmen. The clerks of municipal councils and municipal administrators play the most important roles in the executive branches of the municipalities of Great Britain and the USA, respectively.

References in periodicals archive ?
Since 2014 I would suggest there have been far more articles featuring people, organisations and council leaders welcoming the Combined Authority and the elected mayor rather than articles decrying the lack of consultation about them and their undemocratic nature.
On Monday, the Times reported that the PM was considering scrapping George Osborne's elected mayor project, because she thought it offered the chance for moderate Labour party figures like former minister Andy Burnham, who is the party's candidate to be mayor of Greater Manchester, to gain a public platform.
Coun Bridges' group has previously spoken out against an elected mayor.
A motion was passed agreeing to "reluctantly" consider the devolution offer including an elected mayor.
He added: "So I am putting on the table and starting the conversation about serious devolution of powers and budgets for any city that wants to move to a new model of city government and have an elected mayor.
Janet Finch-Saunders AM, Shadow Minister for Local Government, said elected mayors in Newport, Cardiff, Swansea, Bangor and Wrexham would be prominent figureheads and would be directly accountable to residents.
He pointed to Liverpool and Leicester now also having elected mayors after their councils decided in favour - without letting people decide in a referendum.
Sir Richard Lees, Leader of Manchester City Council, is recommending Manchester citizens vote in a referendum against having an elected mayor as, he says, it will bring nothing to the city.
In particular, it would be helpful to know precisely how the powers of an elected mayor would be any different from those of the present council leader If that is done, it should become clear that there is no justification either for an elected mayor or for the cost of the r eferendum.
In March, Councilman Frank Ferry championed replacing the current system with a directly elected mayor, but after a debate the council nixed the idea.
Matt Gonzalez was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, and Feinstein was elected mayor of Santa Monica.
Mr Bridges' group have previously spoken out against an elected mayor - and he admitted he needed convincing about the idea's merits.