Elektrostal


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Elektrostal’

 

(until 1938, Zatish’e), a city under oblast jurisdiction in Moscow Oblast, RSFSR; situated 58 km east of Moscow. Railroad station on a branch line of the Moscow-Orekhovo-Zuevo line. Population, 135,000 (1977; 43,000 in 1939; 97,000 in 1959; 123,000 in 1970). Enterprises in the city include the Elektrostal’ Electrometallurgical Plant, a heavy machinery plant, a book bindery, and a plant for the production of motor vehicles and railroad equipment. The main educational institutes are a branch of the Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys, machine-building and construction technicums, and a music school.

REFERENCE

Malakhov, Ia. I., and N. A. Pekareva. Elektrostal’. Moscow, 1963.

Elektrostal’

 

(full name, I. F. Tevosian Elektrostal’), an electrometallurgical plant located in the city of Elektrostal’, Moscow Oblast. It manufactures high-quality alloy and special steels.

Formed from a foundry that had opened in 1916, Elektrostal’ began operation in 1918. It was thoroughly retooled between 1926 and 1937, with the addition of two steelmaking shops equipped with open-hearth and electric furnaces, a rolling shop equipped with model 350, model 600, and model 800 mills, a heat-treating shop, a stamping shop, a forging shop, and a drop-hammer shop. In 1940, the plant produced 226,000 tons of steel.

Elektrostal’ was evacuated to the Urals at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45. It was reevacuated in 1942 and began production for the front in July of that year. In the 1950’s, 1960’s, and 1970’s, a number of production sections were modernized and fully mechanized; shops with special equipment of the newest design were built, as were first-class laboratories with modern apparatus.

Elektrostal’ makes use of many advanced production processes, including oxygen steelmaking, subsurface deoxidation, and refining in molten slags and under high vacuums. Electron-beam melting and plasma-arc melting have been introduced.

Research is conducted at Elektrostal’ on the development and commercial production of new types of steel. The plant is now capable of producing more than 2,000 types of steel and alloys. Its steel output increased by a factor of 3.5 between 1945 and 1975.

Elektrostal’ was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1945 and the Order of the October Revolution in 1971.

I. S. PRIANISHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Major organization : MUNICIPAL CORPORATE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CITY DISTRICT ELEKTROSTAL MOSCOW REGION "DEPARTMENT OF COMPETITIVE POLICY AND COORDINATION OF PROCUREMENT"
Address : 144003, Moscow Region, Elektrostal G, Ul Pionerskaya, House 4A
They now face Dinamo Elektrostal of Russia in today's final.
Electronic auction: execution of major repairs (facade) of the administrative building of the inspectorate of the federal tax service of russia for the city of elektrostal, moscow region, located at: moscow region, elektrostal, ul.
Electronic auction: provision of services for the implementation of construction control when performing work on the facility "reclamation of the solid waste landfill" elektrostal "at the address: moscow region, city of electrostal, zhuravleva street
Electronic auction: implementation of works on the supply and installation of structures and elements of a children~s playground with a foundation in the courtyard territories of the city of elektrostal in the moscow region at the following addresses: sovportnaya st.
Electronic auction: implementation of works on the supply and installation of structures and elements of a children~s playground with a foundation in the courtyard territories of the city district of elektrostal, moscow region, at the following addresses: lenin avenue, 4/4, zhulyabina str.
Electronic auction: execution of works on the supply and installation of structures and elements of the children~s playground with a foundation in the courtyard territories of the city district of elektrostal in the moscow region at the following addresses: 43, sportivnaya st.
Major organization : MUNICIPAL CAPITAL ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CITY DISTRICT ELEKTROSTAL MOSCOW REGION "DEPARTMENT OF COMPETITIVE POLICY AND COORDINATION OF PROCUREMENT"
Open Competition: Provision of services for the maintenance and servicing of the building of the Administration of the urban district of Elektrostal, Moscow region
Open Competition: Providing services for the transportation to the morgue with the detection sites or incidents of deaths, do not have a spouse, next of kin and other relatives or legal representative of the deceased, as well as other deceased for forensic medical examination "MEA" (research) and autopsy (except for the dead in hospitals) in 2017 on the territory of the urban district Elektrostal

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