Elias Ashmole

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Elias Ashmole
BirthplaceLichfield, Staffordshire, England
antiquarian, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and alchemist

Ashmole, Elias

(ăsh`mōl), 1617–92, English archaeologist and antiquary. He made exhaustive antiquarian studies, especially The Institution, Laws and Ceremonies of the Order of the Garter (1672) and The Antiquities of Berkshire (3 vol., 1719). In 1677 he donated to the Univ. of Oxford a collection of curiosities, including his own contributions and those bequeathed to him by a friend. His gift formed the nucleus of the Ashmolean Museum (ăshmō`lēən), the first such public institution in England. He later donated his library to Oxford, and the whole was housed in a building erected by Sir Christopher WrenWren, Sir Christopher,
1632–1723, English architect. A mathematical prodigy, he studied at Oxford. He was professor of astronomy at Gresham College, London, from 1657 to 1661, when he became Savilian professor of astronomy at Oxford.
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. The collection is now in a 19th-century building and includes European works of art from medieval to present times as well as Asian works.


See his Autobiographical and Historical Notes and Correspondence, ed. by C. H. Josten (1967).

References in periodicals archive ?
NATIONAL DAY OF SWEDEN 1683: The first public museum, the Ashmolean, was opened by Elias Ashmole in Oxford.
They are all fine examples not only of places which stir the soul and improve the mind, but of the vision of the men behind them - Giblert Sheldon, Thomas Bodley and Elias Ashmole.
TODAY NATIONAL OF SWEDEN 1683: The first public museum, the Ashmolean, was opened by Elias Ashmole in Oxford.
Among them are Elias Ashmole, Sive and Parvati, Pythagoras, St.
Built between 1678-1683, the facility was sponsored by Elias Ashmole, a famous politician, astronomer and collector of the time, to house his intriguingly named 'Cabinet of curiosities'.
Greatest Another reason Lichfield is held in high regard by magicians is one of the Medieval masters of the mystic arts was born in the town - Elias Ashmole.
The Ashmolean was originally based on the idiosyncratic collection of natural history specimens collected by gardening pioneers John Tradescant (father and son) and donated to the antiquarian Elias Ashmole in 1659.
Although the museum has its origins in the collection presented to the university by Elias Ashmole in 1677, in its present form it is largely a late-19th-century creation--indeed, its very name dates back only 100 years.
In this connection, the Bodleian Library's collections of broadside ballads, now digitized and available to view on the web, really ought to be mentioned, as ballads collected by Anthony Wood and Elias Ashmole (probably via John Aubrey) and, retrospectively, by Francis Douce, could provide readers with alternative editions of many of these songs--and as Lucie Skeaping admirably shows, in the world of the ballad, wit and variety are all.
Catalogue of the Manuscripts Bequeathed unto the University of Oxford by Elias Ashmole .