Elias Lönnrot

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Elias Lönnrot
BirthplaceSammatti, Uusimaa, Finland
physician, philologist, poetry collector

Lönnrot, Elias


Born Apr. 9, 1802, in the village of Sammatti; died there Mar. 19, 1884. Finnish folklorist. Son of a rural tailor; studied medicine.

Lönnrot was a professor of Finnish language and literature at the University of Helsinki. In 1827 he defended his dissertation, Väinämöinen, God of the Ancient Finns (written in Latin). He founded the first literary periodical in Finland, Mehiläinen, in 1836. Lö nnrot collected and transcribed epic and lyric runes of the folk singers of eastern Finland and Karelia. These materials formed the basis for his recreation of the Karelian-Finnish epic Kalevala (1st ed., 1835; enlarged 2nd ed., 1849) and the collection of lyric runes Kanteletar (1840–41). He also published the anthologies Finnish Folk Proverbs (1842) and Finnish Folk Riddles (1844) and compiled a Finnish-Swedish dictionary (1866–80).


Flora Fennica. Suomen Kasvisto. Koelma. Helsinki, 1860.


Kaunkonen, V. “Elias Lennrot, velikii uchenyi karelo-finskogo naroda,” Izv. AN SSSR: Otdelenie literatury i iazyka. 1952, vol. 11, issue 5.
Maailman kirjat ja kirjailijat. Edited by T. Anhava. Helsinki, 1957.
Tarkiainen, V., and E. Kauppinen. Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden historia, 2nd ed. Helsinki, 1961.
Laitinen, K. Suomen kirjallisuus 1917–1967, 2nd ed. Helsinki, 1970.


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Beyond that observation, critics discuss, at great length, how Tolkien admired Elias Lonnrot, the nineteenth-century folklorist, linguist, and compiler of the Kalevala.
Illustrating the past became relevant with the popularity of the heroic romanticism introduced in the Kalevala, the epic songs published by Elias Lonnrot (in 1835, second edition in 1849).
Castrens Professorenamt an der Universitat Helsinki wurde nach dessen fruhem Tod 1853 von Elias Lonnrot ubernommen, der anfangs seine Vorlesungen auch in Schwedisch hielt, aber schon ab Herbst 1856 als Erster zum Finnischen uberging.