Finally, according to Eliphaz
the Temanite, the sons of resheph fly upward (Job 5:7).
Since Job's "comforters" recite orthodox Deuteronomc theology, why does the Lord chide Eliphaz
the Temanite at the end: "My wrath is kindled against thee and thy two friends: for ye have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath" (42.
He explicitly connects Job with Aristotle, Eliphaz
with the Torah, Bildad with the Mu'tazila, and Zophar with the Ash'ariyya.
I seek in this paper to interpret God's anger at Job's friends from an existential perspective--that the theodicies of Eliphaz
, Bildad and Zophar actually constitute of a form of 'inauthenticity', and that God is angry at them not merely because of their lack of empathy for Job, but because of their fundamental dishonesty in dealing with his predicament (1).
63) Other famous polygamous men from the Genesis narrative include Abraham (married to Sarah, and later, Hagar the concubine (64)), Abraham's brother Nahor (married to Milcah and his concubine Reumah (65)), Jacob (married to Leah and Rachel, along with the concubines Bilhah and Zilpah), Esau (married to Judith, Basemath, Mahalath, Adah, and Oholibamah), and Esau's son Eliphaz
Such a view is captured in the first speech of Eliphaz
, one of Job's friends:
And where Job's plight is made no better by the theological speculations of his three friends Eliphaz
, Bildad and Zophar, A Serious Man is in part structured around Larry's vain attempts to find comfort in the three rabbis from whom he seeks advice.
Verse 28 is spoken by Job as the "first man"--the role sarcastically imputed to him by Eliphaz
The force of Job's protest is all the greater because it is set against the conventional pieties of his "comforters," Eliphaz
, Bildad, and Zophar, who respond to each of his laments with blind insistence that, if God punishes Job, Job must deserve it somehow.
It is worth noting that most Southern Arava kibbutzim (Ketura, Yotvata, Lotan, Grofit, Eliphaz
, and Neve Harif) where conditions for solar electricity production are optimal, have already entered into agreements with Arava Power, and together they will fulfill the vision of transforming the region into Israel's "silicon valley of renewable energy.
He weaves a tale of Zepho ben Eliphaz
, the grandson of Esau of Edom, that incorporates the story of Hercules and Caius, the cattle-stealing monster of Virgil's Aeneid, in the career of the progenitor of the Roman monarchy--the deified Zepho/Saturnus
accuses Job, saying, "You have exacted pledges of your brothers for nothing, and stripped the naked of their clothing" (Job 22:6).