Elizabeth II

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Elizabeth II,

1926–, queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1952–), elder daughter and successor of George VIGeorge VI
(Albert Frederick Arthur George), 1895–1952, king of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1936–52), second son of George V; successor of his elder brother, Edward VIII. He attended the royal naval colleges at Osborne and Dartmouth and served in World War I.
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, and Britain's longest reigning monarch. At age 18 she was made a State Counsellor, a confidante of the king. During World War II she trained as a junior subaltern (second lieutenant) in the women's services. On Nov. 20, 1947, she married Philip Mountbatten, duke of Edinburgh (see Edinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke ofEdinburgh, Prince Philip Mountbatten, duke of
, 1921–, consort of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain, b. Greece. He was the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Princess Alice, daughter of Prince Louis of Battenberg, and a grandson of George I of Greece, great-grandson of
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). They were in Kenya (en route for a tour of Australia and New Zealand) when the king died (Feb. 6, 1952) and Elizabeth succeeded to the throne. Her coronation, on June 2, 1953, was the first to be televised. She is also head of state in a number of former British possessions and is head of the Commonwealth of Nations.

An extremely popular queen, Elizabeth has traveled more extensively than any previous British monarch. Throughout her reign, expanded media coverage has brought the monarchy closer to the British people. Although the queen, who in public is formal and unemotional, continues to be greatly admired and respected, since the mid-1980s a barrage of tabloid reports about her children and their spouses has tarnished the public image of the royal family. In 1992 she celebrated her 40th year on the throne, but it was also a year in which part of Windsor Castle suffered a devastating fire; her son Prince Andrew (b. 1960) separated from his wife, the former Sarah Ferguson (they were divorced in 1996); her daughter, Princess AnneAnne
(Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise), 1950–, British princess, only daughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, duke of Edinburgh. She was educated at Benenden School.
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, divorced; and her son and heir to the throne Prince CharlesCharles
(Charles Philip Arthur George), 1948–, prince of Wales, eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain and heir apparent to the British throne. He was created prince of Wales in 1958 and invested at Caernarvon Castle in 1969.
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 and his wife Princess DianaDiana,
princess of Wales, 1961–97, wife of Charles, prince of Wales, heir to the British throne. The daughter of the 8th Earl Spencer, Lady Diana Frances Spencer was a kindergarten teacher in London before her 1981 marriage to Charles.
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 separated (they were divorced in 1996). Elizabeth's youngest son is Prince Edward (b. 1964). In 1992 Elizabeth, the wealthiest woman in England, agreed to pay income tax for the first time. Although she was widely criticized for her seeming insensitivity in the days following Princess Diana's death (1997), she had regained the public's esteem by the time of her golden jubilee, less than five years later.


See biographies by E. Longford (1984), S. Bradford (1996), B. Pimlott (1997), and S. B. Smith (2012).

Elizabeth II


Born Apr. 21, 1926, in London. Queen of Great Britain; of the House of Windsor.

Elizabeth II came to the throne in 1952, after the death of her father, King George VI.

Elizabeth II

born 1926, queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from 1952; daughter of George VI
References in periodicals archive ?
The post Queen Elizabeth II is Britain's most popular monarch, poll finds appeared first on Cyprus Mail .
According to digital spy, a spokesman for Queen Elizabeth II said the helicopter has been leased for a fixed number of hours annually.
Britain's Queen Elizabeth II Friday extended her "sincere sympathies" to hundreds of thousands of Australians hit by floods in Queensland, Buckingham Palace said.
Snow Fairy has proved her flexibility this year having won both the Epsom and Irish Oaks over 1m4f and last month's Queen Elizabeth II Commemorative Cup in Japan over a furlong less.
Queen Elizabeth II and His Majesty the Sultan watched the horse shows and race that were held at Al A'diyat in A'Seeb in honour of the Queen.
OBSERVATION: Passenger Roger Andrews looks at Darren Baker's portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth II At Heathrow Airport (S)
The lineage of the British and Bulgarian royal families is traced back to Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (1750-1806), the patrilineal ancestor of Elizabeth II of Britain, Albert II of Belgium, and Simeon II of Bulgaria, and his wife Auguste.
According to Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth II, who was born on April 21, 1926, beats her ancestor's record at around 5pm today.
According to Buckingham Palace, Queen Elizabeth II, who was born on April 21 1926, beats her ancestor's record at around 5pm on Thursday, December 20.
DUBAWI heads a small but select field of just six runners declared for tomorrow's Queen Elizabeth II Stakes at Newmarket.
The invitation to His Majesty the King from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II comes in view of the distinctive bilateral relations.
Summary: The President, His Highness Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, has sent a congratulatory cable to Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom on the occasion of her birthday.