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see birth controlbirth control,
practice of contraception for the purpose of limiting reproduction. Methods of Birth Control

Male birth control methods include withdrawal of the male before ejaculation (the oldest contraceptive technique) and use of the condom, a rubber sheath
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methods and agents for preventing pregnancy; contraception may be physiological or artificial.

There are days of “physiological sterility” during each menstrual cycle: in a 21-day cycle these are days one and 15–21; in a 28-day cycle, days one to six and 22–28; and so on for other cycles. However, contraception based on these physiological characteristics is not entirely dependable, since the periods of ovulation may vary. Temporary sterility (inability to conceive) also occurs in many women during breast-feeding, particularly during the first postpartum months.

Artificial contraception includes the use of mechanical, chemical, biological, or surgical agents and methods or a combination of them. Contraception has a great social impact as a principal method for the prophylaxis of abortion, for family planning, and for regulation of population growth in individual countries.


Prevention of impregnation.
References in periodicals archive ?
All women and girls at risk of an unintended pregnancy have a right to access emergency contraception and these methods should be routinely included within all national family planning programs," it says.
Keywords: Emergency contraception, Knowledge, Practice, Reproductive age.
Emergency contraception can prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or if a contraceptive method has failed - for example, a condom has split.
The ACOG bulletin does not recommend a clinical exam or pregnancy testing before a patient uses emergency contraception.
MYTH: You can't breast-feed if you take emergency contraception
5 mg levonorgestrel and 10 mg mifepristone for use as emergency contraception.
Before the April ruling, women younger than 17 had to get a doctor's prescription to access all forms of emergency contraception.
However, with more readily available options, the organization believes teens would be more likely to use emergency contraception if it was prescribed beforehand.
In addition to pharmacies women can visit local GPs and sexual health clinics which also provide contraception, testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, free condom supplies, pregnancy tests and emergency contraception.
Emergency contraception with Multiload Cu-375 SL IUD: A multicenter clinical trial.
Ulipristal acetate, a progesterone agonist/antagonist, was approved for emergency contraception in 2010.
Should the decision to provide emergency contraception depend on the situation?

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