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Born Dec. 23, 1889, in Winterthur; died Apr. 6, 1966, in Zürich. Swiss Protestant theologian. Professor in Zürich since 1924. Representative of dialectical theology.
Turning against 19th-century liberal Protestantism and reaffirming the fundamental principles of the Reformation of the 16th century, Brunner pitted belief and revelation against the spirit of positivistic scientific methods. He criticized 20th-century civilization, accusing it of a hypertrophy of technological interest and blaming it for the decay of the human spirit, which has lost god and is deserted in the world of things (see Christianity and Civilization, vol. 2, London, 1949). Brunner saw the present state of the world as a proof of its approaching end.
WORKSDer Mensch im Widerspruch. Zürich, 1941.
Offenbarung und Vernunft. Zürich, 1941.
Das Ewige als Zukunft und Gegenwart. London, 1953.
REFERENCESBaumer, F. L. “Apokaliptika 20-go stoletiia.” Vestnik istorii mirovoi kultury, 1957, no. 2.
Volken, L. Der Glaube bei E. Brunner. Freiburg, 1947.
S. S. AVERINTSEV