Emilio Aguinaldo

(redirected from Emilio Aquinaldo)

Aguinaldo, Emilio

 

Born Mar. 22, 1869; died Feb. 6, 1964. Filipino political leader.

Aguinaldo led the bourgeois landowner groups that joined the 1896 revolt against the Spanish oppressors. In 1897 he became president of the Supreme Council of State created by the rebels, but that same year he entered into agreements with Spain, called for an end to the fighting, and left the Philippines. At the start of the Spanish-American War of 1898 he rejoined the rebellion, becoming head of the government and commander-in-chief. In 1899 he became president of the Philippine Republic, which was struggling against the American aggressors. Fearing the sweep of the revolutionary movement, Aguinaldo practiced a policy of compromise with the USA. Captured by American forces in 1901, he called on the people to cease struggling against American colonialists. In the 1930’s he headed the Union of Veterans of the Revolution and the National Socialist Party, both bourgeois-nationalist organizations. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1935.

G. I. LEVINSON

References in periodicals archive ?
In activities marking its 22nd anniversary at Camp Emilio Aquinaldo in suburban Quezon City, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) showcased its two "unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)".
According to the story, Ureta was forced by Marcos' henchmen to go around in circles on a bicycle inside Camp Emilio Aquinaldo in suburban Quezon City to the point of exhaustion.
After the flag-raising activity, church bells pealed as fog horns blew at the same time as fire truck sirens to announce the start of day-long events that were simultaneously held in Manila, Cavite province, Caloocan City and Malolos City, the seat of the countryAEs first government under President Emilio Aquinaldo.