Emin Pasha

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Emin Pasha

(āmēn` pä`shä), 1840–92, German explorer, whose original name was Eduard Schnitzer. A physician, he served (1876–78) under Gen. Charles Gordon in Sudan as a district medical officer. In 1878 he succeeded Gordon as governor of Equatoria, the southernmost province of the Egyptian Sudan (now in South Sudan). In 1885 he was cut off from the outside world by the Mahdist uprising, and several European explorers—including Sir H. M. StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
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—were sent to rescue him. Although his position was not desperate, he agreed (1889) at length to accompany Stanley to Mombasa. He was murdered while engaged in exploration for Germany in the region of Lake Tanganyika.


See Sir Henry Stanley, In Darkest Africa, ed. by J. S. Keltie (1890, repr. 1969); studies by I. R. Smith (1972) and R. Jones (1973).

Emin Pasha


(real name, Eduard Schnitzer). Born Mar. 28, 1840, in Oppeln, now Opole, Poland; died Oct. 23, 1892, in Kanena, Congo Free State, now the Republic of Zaire. German colonial figure.

From 1865 to 1874 the future Emin Pasha lived in the Ottoman Empire, where he adopted Islam and took the name Muhammad al-Emin. In 1876 he entered the service of the Egyptian government as an official in the government of Equatoria Province in Sudan; he became governor of the province in 1878.

Emin Pasha received the title of Pasha in 1888. From 1877 to 1889, he made a number of expeditions along the upper course of the White Nile and in the Great Lakes district of East Africa. In 1890, Emin Pasha joined the service of the German government and became the head of an expedition whose goal was to extend Germany’s influence to the territory between German East Africa and Cameroon.

References in periodicals archive ?
Charting Stanley's tantrums during his ill-fated attempt to relieve Emin Pasha in Equatoria (now South Sudan), John reveals how Stanley tried to rescue his reputation, interfering with witness accounts by suppressing the journals of the expedition's white survivors.
She explained that recently, there was a case in court for a one Ahmad Mahera, a Kampala resident, who dragged Emin Pasha Hotel and KCCA for disturbing her peace with noise pollution and she won the case with a compensation of Shs20 million.
A pedometer Stanley used to count his footsteps while in Africa could make pounds 3,000, while a gold watch he bought for pounds 49 in 1887 before travelling as part of the Emin Pasha relief expedition could fetch pounds 8,000.
This account tells of Henry Morton Stanley's (1841-1904) final journey across Africa, to rescue Emin Pasha (1840-1892), governor of the southern Sudan.
The ostensible aim was to rescue Emin Pasha, last lieutenant of the murdered General Gordon and governor of southern Sudan.
In 1867 explorer and adventurer Henry Morton Stanley went on a mission to rescue Emin Pasha, last remaining lieutenant of General Gordon and presiding governor of Equatoria, the southern-most province of Egypt's Sudan.
Best known for his adventures in Africa and the quip "Dr Livingstone, I presume", Henry Morton Stanley bought the watch before travelling as part of an expedition to help the beleaguered Governor of Sudan, Emin Pasha.
After that he discovered the source of the Nile, explored and won the Congo for Belgium and in 1889 successfully led a military expedition to save Emin Pasha, otherwise Eduard Schnitzer, a German doctor, who became governor of the Equatorial Province of Sudan and was isolated during a bloody uprising.