Emin Pasha


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Emin Pasha

(āmēn` pä`shä), 1840–92, German explorer, whose original name was Eduard Schnitzer. A physician, he served (1876–78) under Gen. Charles Gordon in Sudan as a district medical officer. In 1878 he succeeded Gordon as governor of Equatoria, the southernmost province of the Egyptian Sudan (now in South Sudan). In 1885 he was cut off from the outside world by the Mahdist uprising, and several European explorers—including Sir H. M. StanleyStanley, Sir Henry Morton,
1841–1904, Anglo-American journalist, explorer, and empire builder, b. Denbigh, Wales. He grew up in poverty and came to America as a worker on a ship, which he jumped (1858) in New Orleans.
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—were sent to rescue him. Although his position was not desperate, he agreed (1889) at length to accompany Stanley to Mombasa. He was murdered while engaged in exploration for Germany in the region of Lake Tanganyika.

Bibliography

See Sir Henry Stanley, In Darkest Africa, ed. by J. S. Keltie (1890, repr. 1969); studies by I. R. Smith (1972) and R. Jones (1973).

Emin Pasha

 

(real name, Eduard Schnitzer). Born Mar. 28, 1840, in Oppeln, now Opole, Poland; died Oct. 23, 1892, in Kanena, Congo Free State, now the Republic of Zaire. German colonial figure.

From 1865 to 1874 the future Emin Pasha lived in the Ottoman Empire, where he adopted Islam and took the name Muhammad al-Emin. In 1876 he entered the service of the Egyptian government as an official in the government of Equatoria Province in Sudan; he became governor of the province in 1878.

Emin Pasha received the title of Pasha in 1888. From 1877 to 1889, he made a number of expeditions along the upper course of the White Nile and in the Great Lakes district of East Africa. In 1890, Emin Pasha joined the service of the German government and became the head of an expedition whose goal was to extend Germany’s influence to the territory between German East Africa and Cameroon.

References in periodicals archive ?
When Conrad signed his contract in Brussels, the explorer Henry Morton Stanley was also there, apparently celebrating the triumphant rescue of Emin Pasha.
Charting Stanley's tantrums during his ill-fated attempt to relieve Emin Pasha in Equatoria (now South Sudan), John reveals how Stanley tried to rescue his reputation, interfering with witness accounts by suppressing the journals of the expedition's white survivors.
She explained that recently, there was a case in court for a one Ahmad Mahera, a Kampala resident, who dragged Emin Pasha Hotel and KCCA for disturbing her peace with noise pollution and she won the case with a compensation of Shs20 million.
Brazza's exploration of the Congo, Gordon's martyrdom in the Sudan, Stanley's "relief" of Emin Pasha, Marchand's mission to and departure from Fashoda during the Dreyfus Affair, Brazza's investigation in 1905 into French abuses in the Congo, and Lyautey's interventions in Morocco provide the respective focal points of these chapters.
Indeed, two of the most notable "heroes" of German colonialism--the explorer, Emin Pasha, and the director of the Colonial Office, Bernhard Dernburg--were themselves Jewish, and yet were lionized by the press and public.
Stairs took part in the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition, accompanying Henry Morton Stanley on what was to become one of the last major European expeditions into Central Africa in the 19th century.
And he led a relief mission to rescue Emin Pasha, a shadowy German serving the British government in Sudan.
A pedometer Stanley used to count his footsteps while in Africa could make pounds 3,000, while a gold watch he bought for pounds 49 in 1887 before travelling as part of the Emin Pasha relief expedition could fetch pounds 8,000.
AFTER THE GLUT OF STANLEY BIOGRAPHIES in the early 1990s, is there any interested party unaware of the saga of the 'man who found Livingstone in Central Africa': the early years as a Welsh workhouse brat; the escape from poverty through war reporting; the Livingstone expedition of 1871-72; the charting of the Congo five years later; the founding of the Congo Free State for Leopold of Belgium in the 1880s; and the notorious Emin Pasha Relief expedition which shocked Victorian England?
This account tells of Henry Morton Stanley's (1841-1904) final journey across Africa, to rescue Emin Pasha (1840-1892), governor of the southern Sudan.
The ostensible aim was to rescue Emin Pasha, last lieutenant of the murdered General Gordon and governor of southern Sudan.