Liu Pang

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Liu Pang

(lyo͞o bäng), Chinese emperor (206–195 B.C.), founder of the HanHan
, dynasty of China that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 220. Liu Pang, the first Han emperor, had been a farmer, minor village official, and guerrilla fighter under the Ch'in dynasty.
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 dynasty. Liu was of peasant origin and had been a minor official before joining the free-for-all struggle that attended the collapse of the Ch'inCh'in
, dynasty of China, which ruled from 221 B.C. to 206 B.C. The word China is derived from Ch'in, the first dynasty to unify the country by conquering the warring feudal states of the late Chou period.
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 dynasty. Threatened by internal dissension and nomadic incursions, Liu slowly consolidated power, but it was several decades before Han rule recreated the imperial system of the Ch'in. Liu is also known by his posthumous temple name, Kao-tsu [Chin.,=high progenitor].

Liu Pang

 

Born 247 B.Cl; died 195 B.Cl One of the leaders of the popular rebellion of 209-206 B.Cl in China and founder of the Han dynasty.

Liu Pang came from the family of a well-to-do member of a peasant commune and served as a bailiff. In 209 B.Cl he joined the anti-Ch’in uprising headed by Ch’en Sheng. After the latter’s death in 208, Liu Pang became commander of the insurgent forces. Late in 207 he took Hsien-yang, capital of the Ch’in empire. From 206 to 202 he battled Hsiang Yu, the rebel secondincommand, who claimed national leadership. The struggle ended in victory for Liu Pang. In 202 B.Cl, Liu Pang proclaimed himself Emperor Kao-tsu. He made a number of concessions to the agricultural class, lowering taxes and abolishing the harsh laws of the Ch’in dynasty.