Wu-ti

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Wu-ti

(wo͞o dē), posthumous temple name of the 5th emperor (140 B.C.–87 B.C.) of the HanHan
, dynasty of China that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D. 220. Liu Pang, the first Han emperor, had been a farmer, minor village official, and guerrilla fighter under the Ch'in dynasty.
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 dynasty. Wu-ti [Chin.,=martial emperor] ruled directly through a palace secretariat. During his vigorous reign he incorporated the native states of S China into the empire, drove the nomadic Hsiung-nu out of the Ordos region on the northern frontier, and extended Chinese rule to the Tarim basin of Central Asia (modern Xinjiang). Wu-ti was the first Chinese monarch to extend court patronage to ConfucianismConfucianism
, moral and religious system of China. Its origins go back to the Analects (see Chinese literature), the sayings attributed to Confucius, and to ancient commentaries, including that of Mencius.
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, although contemporary Confucian scholars emphasized cosmology and ritual rather than ethics.

Wu-Ti

 

Born 156 B.C.; died 87 B.C. Chinese emperor (140–87 B.C.) of the Western Han Dynasty.

Wu-ti’s reign was marked by consolidation of imperial power. In 127 B.C. a decree was issued concerning the division of the nobility’s landholdings among heirs. Wu-ti divided the country into 14 districts and sent inspectors into the districts to maintain control over the local rulers. He also introduced a system of state examinations for filling administrative posts. During his reign Confucianism was finally adopted as the official ideology. Wu-ti waged wars of conquest for more than 40 years against states located in the territories of modern Korea, Vietnam, and Mongolia. The wars significantly extended the empire’s borders, but they also weakened China and profoundly worsened the condition of the laboring masses.

References in periodicals archive ?
for example, after the king of Dian surrendered to Han forces, Emperor Wu of Han (r.
During the reign of Emperor Wu of Han, it was imbued with another meaning: as the fangshi [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] Gongsun Qing [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] explained, its discovery would confer longevity on the emperor.
Both the initial establishment of Confucian orthodoxy under Emperor Wu of Han, and the Mongol promotion of Neo-Confucianism, must be judged resounding long-term successes.