discrimination

(redirected from Employment law)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.

discrimination

Electronics the selection of a signal having a particular frequency, amplitude, phase, etc., effected by the elimination of other signals by means of a discriminator

discrimination

the process by which a member, or members, of a socially defined group is, or are, treated differently (especially unfairly) because of his/her/their membership of that group. To be selected for less favourable treatment, a social group may be constructed by reference to such features as race, ethnicity, gender or religion. A distinction can be drawn between ‘categorical’ and 'S tatistical’ discrimination. Categorical discrimination is the unfavourable treatment of all persons socially assigned to a particular social category because the discriminator believes that this discrimination is required by his social group. Statistical discrimination refers to less favourable treatment of individuals based on the belief that there is a probability that their membership of a social group leads to them possessing less desirable characteristics.

In the UK, there are laws that deal with both sex and race discrimination: the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) and the Race Relations Act (1976). In both Acts, ‘direct’ discrimination is made illegal, in that a person may not be treated less favourably than another on the grounds of gender, colour, ethnicity or race. However, the Race Relations Act also attempts to tackle ‘indirect’ discrimination. This was defined as consisting of treatment which may be described as equal in a formal sense, as between different racial groups, but discriminatory in its effect upon a particular racial group. Indirect discrimination is the application of conditions or requirements which may mean that:' (1) the proportion of persons of a racial group who can comply with these is considerably smaller than the proportion of persons not of that racial group who can comply with them; (2) they are to the detriment of the persons who cannot comply with them; (3) they are not justifiable irrespective of the colour, race, nationality or ethnic or national origins of the person to whom they are applied’ (A Guide to the Race Relations Act 1976 Home Office, 1977). See also POSITIVE DISCRIMINATION, RACE RELATIONS, SEGREGATION, GHETTO, PREJUDICE, SEX DISCRIMINATION.

Discrimination

 

(1) The limitation or deprivation of the rights of certain categories of citizens on the basis of such criteria as race, national origin, and sex. In bourgeois countries racial discrimination is especially widespread—the limitation of rights and persecution of persons for reasons of their racial origin. It is openly practiced in the USA against Indians, Negroes, and Chinese. In the Republic of South Africa the discrimination against East Indians and other non-Boer and non-European populations practiced by the English and Afrikaaners (Boers) has reached large proportions. Widely practiced in capitalist states are such forms of discrimination as lower pay for the labor of women and young people and the limitation of rights on the basis of political and religious convictions.

(2) Discrimination in international relations is the establishment of lesser rights for the representatives, organizations, or citizens of one country than for those of another. The practice of discrimination usually brings about reciprocal measures in the form of retortion on the part of the government against whom it is directed. The USSR and other socialist countries vigorously oppose all forms of discrimination in international relations.

discrimination

[di‚skrim·ə′nā·shən]
(communications)
In frequency-modulated systems, the detection or demodulation of the imposed variations in the frequency of the carriers.
In a tuned circuit, the degree of rejection of unwanted signals.
Of any system or transducer, the difference between the losses at specified frequencies with the system or transducer terminated in specified impedances.
(computer science)

discrimination

discriminationclick for a larger image
The minimum angular distance at which two objects on a radar screen can be seen separately. In the figure, the discrimination capability of the radar is 2°.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another growth area for employment law in 2018 will be the gig economy after the Employment Appeal tribunal determined that Uber drivers were workers, whereas the Central Arbitration Committee decided that Deliveroo drivers were self-employed.
We also believe the next government needs to improve the way it communicates changes made to employment law or new initiatives.
Jane Cox, specialist employment lawyer at Weightmans LLP, said: "These findings suggest that employment law has never been higher on the agenda for business in the region.
Employers who cite that employment law is too burdensome are blaming legislation as a reason for not growing their businesses.
The fact that a third of them are deciding not to employ people demonstrates that the burden of employment law is unacceptable.
It is also available on "LexisNexis CD-California Employment Law Library.
Join Torkildson Katz Fonseca Moore & Hetherington, the premier employment and business law firm in Hawaii, specializing in trials, alternative dispute resolution, labor negotiations, affirmative action plans, training and preventive counseling at the Chamber's 2005 Hawaii Employment Law Seminar.
Bruce Tracey also teaches human resources management courses, and focuses his research on training, leadership, employment law and turnover costs.
is partner in charge of Reish Luftman Reicher & Cohen's employment law practice group.
Rosenberg, a founding partner of the management employment law firm of Ballard, Rosenberg & Savitt in Universal City.
The rationale for this is simple: Because the PEO accepts legal responsibility for complying with employment law (including tax obligations), it needs to maintain some degree of authority.
Department of Labor provides an online resource to assist employers with federal employment law questions at www.

Full browser ?