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isolating a certain enemy grouping from the remainder of enemy troops in order to subsequently destroy or capture the grouping.

Encirclement is most often achieved when the enemy defense is broken through in two or more sectors of the front and the attack develops along converging axes. As a result, a solid internal front and an active external front are created, cutting the surrounded grouping off from the remainder of its forces. Encirclement may be carried out during pursuit of a retreating enemy, when defending troops conduct counterattacks and counter-strikes along converging axes, and when troops are operating along a coastal axis and the enemy is pressed against the sea and cut off from other forces. A superiority over the enemy in forces and weapons is ordinarily established during actions with the objective of encirclement. Sometimes, under favorable conditions, encirclement is possible with equal forces. The surrounded enemy grouping is blockaded from the air and, on coastal axes, from the sea.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Soviet forces successfully encircled and routed major enemy groupings in the battle of Stalingrad of 1942–43, the Korsun’-Shevchenkovskii operation of 1944, the Iasi-Kishinev operation of 1944, the Byelorussian operation of 1944, the Budapest operation of 1944–45, the East Prussian operation of 1945, and the Berlin operation of 1945.


References in periodicals archive ?
As this first volume ends, that offensive had smashed a hole in the Soviet right, setting up what would become another massive encirclement of four Soviet armies at Vyazma.
Fighting continued until an Israeli encirclement of the Egyptian Third Army.
The LeT's presence in Afghanistan has coincided with mounting Pakistani concern that India's influence in Kabul represents an Indian strategy of encirclement," wrote Jason Motlagh in his article.
The new sleeve can be used on gas and liquid transmission pipeline repairs, allowing for full encirclement repair over past repairs or pipeline damage.
In 1934, Mao Zedong's Red Army broke free from encirclement by Nationalist troops and began its epic 4,000-mile Long March to safety in China's north.
An independent Chechnya could also open another door to NATOAEs growing penetration of the Caucasus and encirclement C of Russia.
Police seek early callers: As fire crews worked to extend their encirclement of the 17-day-old Station Fire on Friday, homicide detectives urged anyone who originally reported the fire to call them.
Pakistani troops had been tightening their encirclement of the city for days and Abbas said Saturday that supplies of Taliban fighters were cut off, but the fighting in Mingora is likely to heighten concerns about civilian casualties.
Moscow delivered a major blow to the US military encirclement strategy in Central Asia when it succeeded last month in convincing Kyrgyzstan, with the help of major financial aid, to cancel US military airbase rights at Manas, a site of great importance to Washington's escalation plans in Afghanistan.
We are tightening the encirclement of the city," Brigadier General Eyal Eisenberg told reporters touring Israeli positions.
These are seen to be part of a plan aimed at the strategic encirclement of India in the long-term to counter-balance India's growing power and influence in Asia, even as China engages India on the political and economic fronts in the short-term.
From what we have seen in recent years, the creation of a missile defense system, the encirclement of Russia with military bases, the relentless expansion of Nato, we have gotten the strong impression that they are testing our strength,'' Medvedev said.