Endometritis


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Related to Endometritis: endometriosis

endometritis

[¦en·dō·mə′trīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the endometrium.

Endometritis

 

inflammation of the endometrium—the mucous membrane of the uterus. Endometritis usually results from streptococcal, staphylococcal, gonococcal, or some other infection reaching the uterus after an abortion or complicated childbirth. It sometimes is a complication of another infectious disease, for example, tuberculosis. A focus of inflammation arises at the site of penetration of the causative agent; it may involve not only the endometrium but the muscular layer of the uterus as well.

Endometritis may be acute, subacute, or chronic. Acute endometritis is associated with malaise, weakness, elevated body temperature, pain in the lower abdomen, and prolonged vaginal bleeding. Pain and high temperature are usually absent in chronic endometritis; menorrhagia occurs as a result of decreased contractility of the uterine muscles and slow detachment of the mucous membrane. Endometritis is frequently combined with salpingo-oophoritis, and it may result in sterility. In tuberculous endometritis developing in childhood, the uterine mucous membrane may disappear completely because of extensive cicatrization; primary amenorrhea may result. Menorrhagia and metrorrhagia occur when the endometrium is affected at the child-bearing age.

Treatment depends on the nature and stage of the disease; it may involve the use of antibiotics or physical therapy. The disease can be prevented by making sure that the causative agents do not enter the body during childbirth or abortion.

REFERENCE

Ginekologiia. Moscow, 1957.

A. P. KURIUSHCHENKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Among patients > 50 years of age, and in those with postmenopausal bleeding, proliferative endometrium was noted in 2 (25%), chronic endometritis in 1 (33.
MDCT-HSG had a high specificity (100%) but moderate sensitivity (75%) in identifying cases of endometritis and intrauterine adhesions (Figure 3) with positive predictive value being 100% and negative predictive value being 94.
Ademas, existiria evidencia histologica e inmunocitoquimica de que la HEQ no es un requisito para el desarrollo de piometra, como si lo seria la presencia de endometritis (De Bosschere et al.
Dynamics of uterine infections with Escherichia coli, Streptococcus uberis and Trueperella pyogenes in post-partum dairy cows and their association with clinical endometritis.
Association of tuberculous endometritis with infertility and other gynecological complaints of women in India.
Forty eight crossbred cows suffering from endometritis were randomly divided into 6 groups with 8 cows in each group.
The clinical manifestation of uterine leiomyoma includes uterine tumor with associated endometritis but depending on size, it is rarely detected in live animals unless cause clinical complications (Sharma et al.
Se evaluaron como variables de desenlace la morbilidad materna --anemia, neumonia o infeccion respiratoria alta (IRA), infecciones de transmision sexual (ITS), corioamnionitis, RPM, fiebre puerperal, endometritis posparto, sepsis materna, trastornos hipertensivos, sindrome de HELLP, diabetes gestacional, muerte materna-- y perinatal (edad gestacional al parto, sepsis neonatal, convulsiones, muerte perinatal).
Subclinical endometritis - Chronic |inflammatory condition of the uterine lining caused by low-grade infection or scarring.
Various endometrial patterns were classified as follows: Proliferative, Secretory, Atrophic, Unsatisfactory, Chronic Endometritis, Polyp, Submucosal Leiomyoma, Hyperplasia and Carcinoma.
Endometritis is treated with ampicillin sulbactam (or gentamicin/clindamycin).