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Some mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, and free ribosomes are still found in the periphery of the cytoplasm.
Therefore, various cell organelles, namely, the Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum and vacuoles are believed to be involved in endogenous formation of yolk granules in the cytoplasm.
Electronic microscopic findings, on the other hand, have revealed the following: swelling of the mitochondria, decrease and disorder in the arrangement of cristae, decrease in the number of the short and irregular microvilli , invagination in the nucleus, vesiculation in the endoplasmic reticulum, a transition from the granular endoplasmic reticulum to smooth one, and inflation within the intercellular area.
A new strategy of promoting cisplatin chemotherapeutic efficiency by targeting endoplasmic reticulum stress.
Choi, "C1q/TNF-Related Protein 9 (CTRP9) attenuates hepatic steatosis via the autophagy-mediated inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress," Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, vol.
The endoplasmic reticulum stress response in aging and age-related diseases.
Various physiological and pathological conditions, such as hypoglycemia, pathogenic infection, chemical injury, genetic mutation, increased protein synthesis, and secretion and the flow of calcium into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), trigger ER stress (5).
Ionomycin acts by releasing the cell's sequestered calcium, normally stored in the endoplasmic reticulum, into the cytoplasm where it acts as a second messenger (Morgan and Jacob, 1994).
These cells increase their size, becoming columnar and show clusters of round mitochondria and abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum (Fig.
The cytoplasm showed endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, vesicles with moderate electron density and small isolated and grouped granules distributed in the cytoplasm (Figs.
Recently, however STIM1 (Stromal interaction molecule 1, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) [Ca.

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