Ephraem, Saint

Ephraem, Saint

(ē`frā'əm), A.D. 308?–373, Syrian theologian, Doctor of the Church. He taught at Nisibis and Edessa and composed biblical exegeses (now almost all lost) and numerous sacred verses. Ephraem converted Syria with his psalms, vehicles of orthodox doctrine, which soon supplanted those of BardesanesBardesanes
, 154?–222?, Christian philosopher and poet of Syria, missionary among the Armenians. Conflicting traditions report him both as defender of the faith against various Gnostic sects and as a heretic and founder of Bardesanism.
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. Also known as Ephraem the Syrian, he is venerated by all the Eastern churches and by Rome. Feast: June 18.

Bibliography

See his Prose Refutations of Mani, Marcion, and Bardaisan (tr. 1912–21, repr. 1969) and An Exposition of the Gospel (tr. 1968); study ed. by A. Vööbus (1958).

References in periodicals archive ?
39) Syrus Ephraem, Saint Ephrem's Commentary on Tatian' s Diatessaron: An English Translation of Chester Beatty Syriac MS 709 with Introduction and Notes by Carmel McCarthy (Oxford: Oxford University for the University of Manchester, 1993) 139.