Equestrian Circus

Equestrian Circus

 

the oldest form of circus art, in which most of the acts involve performing horses and displays of horsemanship. The equestrian circus originated in horse festivals, equestrian competitions, and riding schools and was the main type of circus in the 18th and 19th centuries. The traditional circus ring, 13-14 m in diameter, came from the equestrian circus.

The art of the equestrian circus combines such events as performance at liberty (when the trainer gives orders to the horses with a whip, a riding crop, his hand, or his voice); dressage; horseback acrobatics; trick riding; all types of acrobatics, dancing, and balancing on horseback; mimic acts; comic acts with the horses (horse clowning); and pantomimes that include skits with the horses. Twentieth-century circus programs are no longer dominated by equestrian acts, although they include at least one. Among the most outstanding performers in the Russian and Soviet equestrian circus have been Chinizelli, A. Salamonskii, N. A. Nikitin, M. N. and D. M. Tuganov, the Efimovs, Manzheli, Lapiado, and the Kantemirovs.

REFERENCES

Kuznetsov, E. Tsirk. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931.
Dmitriev, lu. Sovetskii tsirk. Moscow, 1963.
Dmitriev, lu. Sovetskii tsirk segodnia. Moscow, 1968.

IU. A. DMITRIEV

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In the eighteenth century, Taksim was a vast clearing, home to an intricate water distribution system, equestrian circus companies and traveling salesmen.
98) Malcom's precise role in the inauguration of the Royal Australian Equestrian Circus, as it would be called, remains unclear but he appears to have made arrangements with Jones and La Rosiere to erect a suitable venue for them to use on their return to Sydney.
The Royal Australian Equestrian Circus opened on the evening of Wednesday 16 October 1850, and marked the serious beginning of circus activity in Sydney.
The doors of the Royal Australian Equestrian Circus opened at 7.
Hughes' Great Mammoth Equestrian Circus pioneered the use of wild animals such as elephants as entertainment.